Here it is! November has arrived, a special time for planting.
We’re now entering a special time of rest for all the plants in the garden, balcony and terrace.
Although November is when days grow short most drastically and dull rain and weather settle in, it still is a fascinating time for the garden because it is when the following spring is prepared.
Take out your spade, rake, planter and other gardening tools, your garden requires your presence this coming November!
Most plants are planted in November
“Everything takes root when summer gets the boot”
This quirky saying shows that the best season to plant roses, trees and shrubs is fall.
If you plant during the month of November, you’ll be enabling root development before the first winter frost spells.
This will help your plants burst back to life much faster in spring and the blooming will be all the more beautiful.
Follow our advice on how to plant:
Planting spring bulbs
Not much time left to get your bulbs planted, because within a few weeks the ground will have grown much too hard.
Tulip, hyacinth, snowdrop and crocus must be planted to the ground within the month.
For greater ease, use a bulb planter.
- Follow this advice on planting bulbs
- Here is our solution for planting bulbs in bulbs in clay and flooded soil
Pruning shrubs and conifers
Now is the time to perform a light pruning before winter and give their bearing a nice shape.
Only prune when you’re certain it isn’t going to freeze soon.
For conifers, only prune if the mild weather permits.
- Follow our advice on pruning shrubs
Fruit trees in November
Gather all remaining fruits that have fallen to the ground and destroy them, they may harbor fungal diseases.
Detach any remaining fruit that are still on the tree, especially if they look rotten because they possibly are infected with rotting fruit disease.
At the end of the month, you can start pruning apple and pear trees.
November is also the time to start planting them.
Garden flowers in November
Keep cutting dead flower stems off.
Divide perennials and replant them immediately.
- Look up our advice on dividing perennials.
If winter is rather mild in your area, you can leave them in the ground as long as you cover them with mulch.
Bring dahlia bulbs indoors at the end of November and store them with the other bulbs for the winter.
Plants for balconies and terraces in November
Just as if you were in the garden, you can plant shrubs in pots.
Protect the plants that are most vulnerable to the cold with winterizing fleece, and if needed wrap a cover around the pot base.
- Refer to our guidelines on how to correctly protect plants from the cold.
Decorate your garden boxes with fall and winter-blooming plants like pansies, violets and bergenias.
Grass and lawn in November
When all the leaves have fallen from the trees, go for one last pass of the lawn mower, leaving the grass quite high.
This makes it easy to clean the lawn up.
If not, simply rake the leaves up; don’t leave them in place because they might bear fungal diseases that would overwinter in your garden…
With a sharp spade, mark the edges along flower beds, this will make it look much neater during the entire winter.
If you’re planning to renovate your lawn in spring, rototill the entire lawn before winter but don’t press the soil down.
This will let the soil breathe, and you can roam around at times during winter to remove roots and rocks that will appear as frost does its work.
The vegetable patch in November
There’s no hope anymore for your tomatoes, pull them out and make the best of whatever green tomatoes are still there.
Harvest the last autumn vegetables and make space for winter root vegetables.
Start turning the soil over so that the ground can breathe during the winter.
Plant garlic and shallot in light soil. If the soil is heavy, mix sand into it.
Take a step back and admire your garden, your terrace or balcony: it’s ready for the winter!
Spring will make it look even more beautiful!
Have fun gardening!