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Moon Planting calendar of December

2024 Moon phase calendar for gardening by the moon in the vegetable patch and flower beds.

Follow the moon's phases when planting and caring for plants in 2024: you'll grow beautiful seedlings, flowers, and harvest abundant crops.

Lunar phase calendar

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01 December
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Before 10:49 AM (10:49), flower day:

INDOORS: 2nd day for planting or repotting amaryllis bulbs indoors.

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day, if not freezing, to plant deciduous flower shrubs, flower vines, and bare-root rose trees (remember to root-dip them) / If not done yet, ridge soil up over graft points for newly planted rose trees, or less hardy varieties; you'll clear them free in spring / Prune your rose trees (the "Christmas pruning") by cutting stems back to around 2 feet (50-60 cm) / Prune summer-blooming clematis vines / Start winter pruning for wisteria: cut all secondary branches back, leaving only 3 or 4 buds on each stump

Position new dogwood trees where you intend for them to grow; you'll graft them over the coming summer / Prune your tree mallows / Protect Hibiscus moscheutos and perennials in flower beds: mulch and cover more vulnerable flowers with winterizing fleece

Plant hellebore and chrysanthemum.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day to check if your artichoke are still well protected.

After 10:49 AM (10:49), entering a leaf day:

LANDSCAPING: If not freezing, start planting deciduous trees and shrubs, especially those purchased in bare-root state (for evergreens, wait for March-April because they settle in better when soil is a bit warmer); for hedges, plant in a diamond pattern with lots of space between plants if you've got the land for it; mulch to hinder grass growth that would compete with the young saplings / Plant ornamental leafage vines if it's not freezing cold / Prune and trim large deciduous trees, and remove balls of mistletoe if needed / Prune bamboo and hazelnut trees, save stems to use as stakes and poles for beans.

VEGETABLE PATCH: If not done last week, force endives in the garden or cellar / Blanch dandelion clumps.

02 December
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day for, if not freezing, starting to plant deciduous trees and shrubs, especially those purchased in bare-root state (for evergreens, wait for March-April because they settle in better when soil is a bit warmer); for hedges, plant in a diamond pattern with lots of space between plants if you've got the land for it; mulch to hinder grass growth that would compete with the young saplings / Plant ornamental leafage vines if it's not freezing cold / Prune and trim large deciduous trees, and remove balls of mistletoe if needed / Prune bamboo and hazelnut trees, save stems to use as stakes and poles for beans.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day, if not done yet, to force endives in the garden or cellar / Blanch dandelion clumps.

03 December
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

ORCHARD: Plant new bare-root fruit trees if the weather isn't freezing (remember to prepare root dip), making sure you don't bury the graft point by elevating it a bit higher than ground level: soil will settle and bring it down; enrich poor soil with crushed horns; water abundantly and stake the tree with a 6-inch clearance from the trunk (15 cm) / Prune and shape fruit trees exposed to strong winds / Amend with compost and phosphorus & potassium fertilizer along the drip line / It is still time to collect fig tree cuttings: pull stems off to include the heel or cut a portion of the underlying branch off with the cutting (mallet cutting).

04 December
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Don't garden after 1:40 PM (13:40) – moon is at apogee at 6:42 PM (18:42)

ORCHARD: 2nd day for planting new bare-root fruit trees if the weather isn't freezing (remember to prepare root dip), making sure you don't bury the graft point by elevating it a bit higher than ground level: soil will settle and bring it down; enrich poor soil with crushed horns; water abundantly and stake the tree with a 6-inch clearance from the trunk (15 cm) / Prune and shape fruit trees exposed to strong winds / Amend with compost and phosphorus & potassium fertilizer along the drip line / It is still time to collect fig tree cuttings: pull stems off to include the heel or cut a portion of the underlying branch off with the cutting (mallet cutting).

05 December
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Last quarter
Ephemeris:

3rd day for planting new bare-root fruit trees if the weather isn't freezing (remember to prepare root dip), making sure you don't bury the graft point by elevating it a bit higher than ground level: soil will settle and bring it down; enrich poor soil with crushed horns; water abundantly and stake the tree with a 6-inch clearance from the trunk (15 cm) / Prune and shape fruit trees exposed to strong winds / Amend with compost and phosphorus & potassium fertilizer along the drip line / It is still time to collect fig tree cuttings: pull stems off to include the heel or cut a portion of the underlying branch off with the cutting (mallet cutting).

06 December
Roots Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: Harvest black salsify, horseradish, common salsify, swede, leek, parsnip, crosnes, and take a few minutes to spread mulch on your crops to make it easier to harvest even when it freezes (also remember to keep a few vigorous and healthy swede, horseradish, and crosnes specimens for seed next year) / Weed and thin carrot sprouts / In warmer territories, plant gray shallot, colored onion (on ridges) as well as white and violet garlic, on a plot that doesn't have too much nitrogen and hasn't been planted with alliums in the past 4 years / Remember to turn your compost and add water if it's too dry; if too wet, add straw / Remove sprouting eyes from potatoes and discard damaged tubers, check on vegetables stored in silos.

07 December
Roots Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day to harvest black salsify, horseradish, common salsify, swede, leek, parsnip, crosnes, and take a few minutes to spread mulch on your crops to make it easier to harvest even when it freezes (also remember to keep a few vigorous and healthy swede, horseradish, and crosnes specimens for seed next year) / Weed and thin carrot sprouts / In warmer territories, plant gray shallot, colored onion (on ridges) as well as white and violet garlic, on a plot that doesn't have too much nitrogen and hasn't been planted with alliums in the past 4 years / Remember to turn your compost and add water if it's too dry; if too wet, add straw / Remove sprouting eyes from potatoes and discard damaged tubers, check on vegetables stored in silos.

08 December
Roots Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Don't garden after 10:20 AM – lunar node at 3:24 PM (15:24)

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day to harvest black salsify, horseradish, common salsify, swede, leek, parsnip, crosnes, and take a few minutes to spread mulch on your crops to make it easier to harvest even when it freezes (also remember to keep a few vigorous and healthy swede, horseradish, and crosnes specimens for seed next year) / Weed and thin carrot sprouts / In warmer territories, plant gray shallot, colored onion (on ridges) as well as white and violet garlic, on a plot that doesn't have too much nitrogen and hasn't been planted with alliums in the past 4 years / Remember to turn your compost and add water if it's too dry; if too wet, add straw / Remove sprouting eyes from potatoes and discard damaged tubers, check on vegetables stored in silos.

09 December
Roots Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 4th day to harvest black salsify, horseradish, common salsify, swede, leek, parsnip, crosnes, and take a few minutes to spread mulch on your crops to make it easier to harvest even when it freezes (also remember to keep a few vigorous and healthy swede, horseradish, and crosnes specimens for seed next year) / Weed and thin carrot sprouts / In warmer territories, plant gray shallot, colored onion (on ridges) as well as white and violet garlic, on a plot that doesn't have too much nitrogen and hasn't been planted with alliums in the past 4 years / Remember to turn your compost and add water if it's too dry; if too wet, add straw / Remove sprouting eyes from potatoes and discard damaged tubers, check on vegetables stored in silos.

10 December
Flower day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: If not freezing, new opportunity to plant deciduous flower shrubs and bare-root rose trees (remember to root-dip them) / If not done yet, ridge soil up over graft points for newly planted rose trees, or less hardy varieties; you'll clear them free in spring / Prune your rose trees (the "Christmas pruning") by cutting stems back to around 2 feet (50-60 cm). / Prune clematis vines / Prune your tree mallows / Position new dog rose where you intend for them to grow; you'll graft them over the coming summer

11 December
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Before 11:17 AM, flower day:

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day, if not freezing, to once again plant deciduous flower shrubs and bare-root rose trees (remember to root-dip them) / If not done yet, ridge soil up over graft points for newly planted rose trees, or less hardy varieties; you'll clear them free in spring / Prune your rose trees (the "Christmas pruning") by cutting stems back to around 2 feet (50-60 cm). / Prune clematis vines / Prune your tree mallows / Position new dog rose where you intend for them to grow; you'll graft them over the coming summer

After 11:17 AM, entering a leaf day:

VEGETABLE PATCH: Continue blanching frisée, escarole, cardoon, dandelion... as you plan to eat them / Force a new batch of endive roots.

LANDSCAPING: Plant hedge shrubs / Prune bamboo / Prune deciduous trees and remove mistletoe / Plant deciduous trees and shrubs / Plant ornamental leaf vines such as Virginia creeper, ivy, crimson glory vine.

12 December
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
New moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day to continue blanching frisée, escarole, cardoon, dandelion... / Force a new batch of endive roots.

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day for planting hedge shrubs / Prune bamboo / Prune deciduous trees and remove mistletoe / Plant deciduous trees and shrubs / Plant ornamental leaf vines such as Virginia creeper, ivy, crimson glory vine.

13 December
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Before 9:58 AM, leaf day:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day to continue blanching frisée, escarole, cardoon, dandelion... / Force a new batch of endive roots.

LANDSCAPING: 3rd day for planting hedge shrubs / Prune bamboo / Prune deciduous trees and remove mistletoe / Plant deciduous trees and shrubs / Plant ornamental leaf vines such as Virginia creeper, ivy, crimson glory vine.

After 9:58 AM (9:58), entering a fruit & seed day:

ORCHARD: Before the moon switches to ascending this evening, plant new bare-root fruit trees if the weather isn't freezing (remember to prepare root dip), making sure you don't bury the graft point by elevating it a bit higher than ground level: soil will settle and bring it down; enrich poor soil with crushed horns; water abundantly and stake the tree with a 6-inch clearance from the trunk (15 cm) / Prune and shape fruit trees exposed to strong winds / Amend with compost and phosphorus & potassium fertilizer along the drip line / It is still time to collect fig tree cuttings: pull stems off to include the heel or cut a portion of the underlying branch off with the cutting (mallet cutting).

14 December
Fruit Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

ORCHARD: It is still time to collect graft scions from apple, pear and plum trees if it isn't freezing; select stems as thick as a pencil with eyes or buds along the entire length; slice stem tips and tie them in labeled bundles; bury them in sand 3/4ths of their length deep against a north-facing wall / Harvest kiwi in mild regions, and citrus fruit along the coast.

VEGETABLE PATCH: You can sow faba beans in this phase.

15 December
Fruit Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

Before 4:11 PM (16:11), fruit & seed day:

ORCHARD: 2nd day for collecting graft scions from apple, pear and plum trees if it isn't freezing; select stems as thick as a pencil with eyes or buds along the entire length; slice stem tips and tie them in labeled bundles; bury them in sand 3/4ths of their length deep against a north-facing wall / Harvest kiwi in mild regions, and citrus fruit along the coast.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing faba beans in this time of the year.

After 4:11 PM (16:11), entering a root day:

VEGETABLE PATCH: Sow a few red radish, baby carrot, and colored onion either on a hot bed or under a cold frame.

16 December
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

Don't garden after 1:50 PM (13:50) – moon is at perigee at 6:52 PM (18:52)

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing a few red radish, baby carrot, and colored onion either on a hot bed or under a cold frame.

17 December
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

Before 1:46 PM (13:46), root day:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day for sowing a few red radish, baby carrot, and colored onion either on a hot bed or under a cold frame.

After 1:46 PM (13:46), entering a flower day:

LANDSCAPING: Upon cleaning your now-wilted flower beds, remember to keep a few dried stems for everlasting bouquets: grasses, hydrangea, sedum, honesty... / Sow blue gentiana, Jupiter's helm, and, on a hot bed, begonia semperflorens (don't bury the seeds) and pelargonium / In mild regions, under a cold frame, sow biennials.

18 December
Flower day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: 3rd day for clearing out wilted flower beds. Remember to keep a few dried stems for everlasting bouquets: grasses, hydrangea, sedum, honesty... / Sow blue gentiana, Jupiter's helm, and, on a hot bed, begonia semperflorens (don't bury the seeds) and pelargonium / In mild regions, under a cold frame, sow biennials.

19 December
Flower day
Rising moon
First quarter
Ephemeris:

Before 5:46 PM (17:46), flower day:

LANDSCAPING: 3rd day for cleaning now-wilted flower beds. Remember to keep a few dried stems for everlasting bouquets: grasses, hydrangea, sedum, honesty... / Sow blue gentiana, Jupiter's helm, and, on a hot bed, begonia semperflorens (don't bury the seeds) and pelargonium / In mild regions, under a cold frame, sow biennials.

After 5:46 PM (17:46), entering a leaf day:

INDOORS: Sow watercress and purslane indoors for healthy winter greens / Also set seeds for sprouting in small trays, eat them when sprouted or still very small (seeds available in organic stores) / Sow citrus seeds in nursery pots indoors: they won't really grow to bear good fruit, but as houseplants they're wonderful.

VEGETABLE PATCH: Keep harvesting corn salad, spinach and Brussels sprouts depending on your meal schedules.

20 December
Leaf Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

INDOORS: 2nd day to sow watercress and purslane indoors, for healthy winter greens / Also set seeds for sprouting in small trays, eat them when sprouted or still very small (seeds available in organic stores) / Sow citrus seeds in nursery pots indoors: they won't really grow to bear good fruit, but as houseplants they're wonderful.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day to keep harvesting corn salad, spinach and Brussels sprouts depending on your meal schedules.

21 December
Leaf Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

Don't garden after 8:50 AM – lunar node at 1:53 PM (13:53)

INDOORS: 3rd day to sow watercress and purslane indoors, for healthy winter greens / Also set seeds for sprouting in small trays, eat them when sprouted or still very small (seeds available in organic stores) / Sow citrus seeds in nursery pots indoors: they won't really grow to bear good fruit, but as houseplants they're wonderful.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day to keep harvesting corn salad, spinach and Brussels sprouts depending on your meal schedules.

22 December
Fruit Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

Fall solstice at 3:27 AM, no impact on gardening tasks

VEGETABLE PATCH: In mild climates, sow faba bean and round pea, directly in the growing bed.

ORCHARD: Harvest the last apples, pears, and kiwi in mild areas, as well as persimmon and medlar (only if it has frozen for these last two) / If not done yet, collect scions from fruit trees that you'll use for grafting in spring: select sprigs that are as thick as a pencil with buds along the entire length, cut the tips off each stem and tie them into bundles; label them; bury them 3/4ths deep in sand at the foot of a north-facing wall (monitor them for deburring as winter ends, because they must be grafted before buds break).

23 December
Fruit Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day, in mild climates, to sow faba bean and pea, directly in the growing bed.

ORCHARD: 2nd day for harvesting the last apples, pears, and kiwi in mild areas, as well as persimmon and medlar (only if it has frozen for these last two) / If not done yet, collect scions from fruit trees that you'll use for grafting in spring: select sprigs that are as thick as a pencil with buds along the entire length, cut the tips off each stem and tie them into bundles; label them; bury them 3/4ths deep in sand at the foot of a north-facing wall (monitor them for deburring as winter ends, because they must be grafted before buds break).

24 December
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: Select seed suppliers after planning out your 2024 vegetable patch. Buy them now when inventories are full and you've got more to choose from. / Sow a few red radish, baby carrot, and colored onion either on a hot bed or under a cold frame.

Merry Christmas Eve!

25 December
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for wrapping up seed selection after planning out your 2024 vegetable patch. Buy them now when inventories are full and you've got more to choose from. / Sow a few red radish, baby carrot, and colored onion either on a hot bed or under a cold frame.

Merry Christmas

26 December
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day for wrapping up seed selection after planning out your 2024 vegetable patch. Buy them now when inventories are full and you've got more to choose from. / Sow a few red radish, baby carrot, and colored onion either on a hot bed or under a cold frame.

27 December
Flower day
Descending Moon
Full moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: If not freezing, plant flower trees and shrubs, and bare-root rose bushes / Recover chrysanthemum that have by now lost their flowers and transplant them to the garden / Repot cyclamen and heather that you've kept in pots and garden boxes since fall / Prune your bush roses back to around 2 feet (50-60 cm), as well as summer-flower clematis and all summer-blooming shrubs, if it isn't freezing / Transplant hardy perennial flowers such as pansy, wallflower and primrose to a spot sheltered from wind to have beautiful edges in spring / Add ripe compost to perennial flower beds.

INDOORS: It's still time to settle amaryllis bulbs in their pots, their flowers will decorate your home at the end of winter; only bury the bulbs halfway, and make sure the pots are heavy enough to stay upright despite the weight of the tall flower stems / Start forcing spring bulbs (tulip, narcissus, daffodill, crocus...) so you can have beautiful pot arrangements early on in the season.

28 December
Flower day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Before 7:16 PM (19:16), flower day:

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day, if not freezing, for planting flower trees and shrubs, and bare-root rose bushes / Recover chrysanthemum that have by now lost their flowers and transplant them to the garden / Repot cyclamen and heather that you've kept in pots and garden boxes since fall / Prune your bush roses back to around 2 feet (50-60 cm), as well as summer-flower clematis and all summer-blooming shrubs, if it isn't freezing / Transplant hardy perennial flowers such as pansy, wallflower and primrose to a spot sheltered from wind to have beautiful edges in spring / Add ripe compost to perennial flower beds.

INDOORS: 2nd day to settle amaryllis bulbs in their pots, their flowers will decorate your home at the end of winter; only bury the bulbs halfway, and make sure the pots are heavy enough to stay upright despite the weight of the tall flower stems / Start forcing spring bulbs (tulip, narcissus, daffodill, crocus...) so you can have beautiful pot arrangements early on in the season.

After 7:16 PM (19:16), entering a leaf day:

LANDSCAPING: If not freezing, transplant your Christmas tree outside if you bought one with its roots / Prune and trim deciduous trees, and remove balls of mistletoe if needed; spread pruning paste on large wounds / Plant ornamental ivy / Prune deciduous foliage hedges (compost trimmings or shred them to make RCW) / This time is also favorable for pulling weeds out from lawns: work when the soil is moist, with a weeding knife.

VEGETABLE PATCH: While pruning trees, select long and straight branches that you can repurpose into stakes for pole beans (hazelnut, bamboo...) / Prune lemon verbena, keeping only 3 buds per sprig.

29 December
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day, if not freezing, for transplanting your Christmas tree outside if you bought one with its roots / Prune and trim deciduous trees, and remove balls of mistletoe if needed; spread pruning paste on large wounds / Plant ornamental ivy / Prune deciduous foliage hedges (compost trimmings or shred them to make RCW) / This time is also favorable for pulling weeds out from lawns: work when the soil is moist, with a weeding knife.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day, while pruning trees, for selecting long and straight branches that you can repurpose into stakes for pole beans (hazelnut, bamboo...) / Prune lemon verbena, keeping only 3 buds per sprig.

30 December
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Before 9:44 AM, leaf day:

LANDSCAPING: 3rd day, if not freezing, for transplanting your Christmas tree outside if you bought one with its roots / Prune and trim deciduous trees, and remove balls of mistletoe if needed; spread pruning paste on large wounds / Plant ornamental ivy / Prune deciduous foliage hedges (compost trimmings or shred them to make RCW) / This time is also favorable for pulling weeds out from lawns: work when the soil is moist, with a weeding knife.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day, while pruning trees, for selecting long and straight branches that you can repurpose into stakes for pole beans (hazelnut, bamboo...) / Prune lemon verbena, keeping only 3 buds per sprig.

After 9:44 AM, entering a fruit & seed day:

ORCHARD: If not freezing, plant fruit trees, root-dip bare roots and make sure the graft point is an inch or so above ground level (2-3 cm): soil will settle under the tree and it's important that the graft point not be buried; place the stake an open hand's width away from the trunk to avoid wounding as the tree sways with the wind / Plant berry shrubs (raspberry, red currant, black currant...) / Prune and trim old fruit trees / Prune your grapevine: one of the easiest techniques is the "3-bud" pruning, where you cut each sprig back to the structural branch, leaving only 3 buds on each / Prepare cuttings from or marcot fig trees / Start treating against peach leaf curl: spray bordeaux mixture, or fermented nettle or horsetail tea.

31 December
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

ORCHARD: 2nd day, if not freezing, for planting fruit trees, root-dip bare roots and make sure the graft point is an inch or so above ground level (2-3 cm): soil will settle under the tree and it's important that the graft point not be buried; place the stake an open hand's width away from the trunk to avoid wounding as the tree sways with the wind / Plant berry shrubs (raspberry, red currant, black currant...) / Prune and trim old fruit trees / Prune your grapevine: one of the easiest techniques is the "3-bud" pruning, where you cut each sprig back to the structural branch, leaving only 3 buds on each / Prepare cuttings from or marcot fig trees / Start treating against peach leaf curl: spray bordeaux mixture, or fermented nettle or horsetail tea.

Happy New Year!

Legend
Day Moon Moon disc

* Times on this calendar are for the North Hemisphere. They're given in Universal Time (GMT), meaning they're computed based on the Greenwich meridian.

Depending on where you live, you can adjust the time down to the exact minute to have your true "local moon planting time". If you're East of the Greenwich meridian, you must add minutes; if West, subtract them. A good rule of thumb is to consider your time zone: if your local time is GMT+1, as in Paris, then you must add an hour; if it's GMT-5, as in New York, you must subtract 5 hours. A node at 3PM GMT in London will take place at 4PM (16:00) in Paris and 10AM in New York. You can even adjust for minutes in the same manner, if you're far east or west within your time zone.

In addition, in some parts of the world, you might have to adjust these times because of "Daylight Saving Time". In this case, you should adjust by an hour compared to Standard Time, in addition to the modification resulting from your timezone.

** Gardening isn't recommended 5-6 hours before and after a lunar node, apogee or perigee.

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Your reactions
  • Lu Narine wrote on 27 May 2024 at 21 h 01 min

    I’m mystified why 5 days of the end of May are missing from the website.ie May 27-31.
    Hard to know what tasks are best done during this period. Do you have the data to email me?

    Was this an oversight or intentional? I find your site is SUCH an asset to my gardening and I appreciate it!!!!!

  • Susan Vaughn wrote on 22 May 2024 at 4 h 19 min

    Can I transplant a “Japanese Maple” after May 21-May 31st. 2024? The plant is 2′ high

  • Kay Dunbar wrote on 8 April 2024 at 5 h 31 min

    I love the calendars that my pharmacy puts out every year which show the best sign of the moon when to plant flowers and garden with seeds or plants and has a sheet at back or calendar with information. It has all the information about that you need for flowers and garden but I never got one this year . He was out when I went so I got on the computer to see what I could find. I just came upon this but haven’t got to read all of it but what I have seen, looks like you have covered everything for flowers and garden.

  • Barb wrote on 6 January 2024 at 17 h 32 min

    On the Planting by the Moon calendar for Jan 6 2024 there is a statement which indicates it is time to “set up rose hips” for grafting. How exactly do you set up rose hips?