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Moon Planting calendar of February

2024 Moon phase calendar for gardening by the moon in the vegetable patch and flower beds.

Follow the moon's phases when planting and caring for plants in 2024: you'll grow beautiful seedlings, flowers, and harvest abundant crops.

Lunar phase calendar

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01 February
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day for sowing, under shelter, monthly cycle radish; mix the seeds with those of carrots (for forcing); you'll harvest the radishes in a month and at the same time work on thinning the carrots out / If not done yet, either in the open (for warmer climates) or under shelter, sow spring and summer turnip; protect your sprouts from slugs and thin after the sprouting / In a tunnel, sow white onion sparsely to eat raw in spring; also include colored onion and leek.

02 February
Flower day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: If not freezing, plant climbing vines (trumpet vine, honeysuckle, wisteria, clematis...), settling them right below a lattice that matches their growth rate; remember to tilt the clump in the planting hole / Plant ornamental almond (Prunus triloba), one of the first shrubs to bloom in spring / Plant primrose and pansy / Divide snowdrop bunches now that blooming is over, while foliage is still green / On camellia, remove wilted flowers regularly (deadheading) to increase further blooming / Prepare fuchsia, chrysanthemum and pelargonium cuttings / In mild regions start pruning oleander before vegetation sets in / Prune perovskia, plumbago, shrubby sage, tree mallow, bush clover: cut all branches back to the ground, leaving only two alternate buds on the stem / Trigger sprouting for tuber begonia and canna lily bulbs by bringing them indoors (60-68°F or 16-20°C), bury the roots in shallow soil mix and water from time to time / If you've sown annuals indoors, thin the seedlings.

VEGETABLE PATCH: Transplant January-sown cauliflower; keep indoors.

INDOORS: Repot phalaenopsis orchids (repeat every 2 or 3 years).

03 February
Flower day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day, if not freezing, to plant climbing vines (trumpet vine, honeysuckle, wisteria, clematis...), settling them right below a lattice that matches their growth rate; remember to tilt the clump in the planting hole / Plant ornamental almond (Prunus triloba), one of the first shrubs to bloom in spring / Plant primrose and pansy / Divide snowdrop bunches now that blooming is over, while foliage is still green / On camellia, remove wilted flowers regularly (deadheading) to increase further blooming / Prepare fuchsia, chrysanthemum and pelargonium cuttings / In mild regions start pruning oleander before vegetation sets in / Prune perovskia, plumbago, shrubby sage, tree mallow, bush clover: cut all branches back to the ground, leaving only two alternate buds on the stem / Trigger sprouting for tuber begonia and canna lily bulbs by bringing them indoors (60-68°F or 16-20°C), bury the roots in shallow soil mix and water from time to time / If you've sown annuals indoors, thin the seedlings.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for transplanting January-sown cauliflower; keep indoors.

INDOORS: 2nd day for repotting phalaenopsis orchids (repeat every 2 or 3 years).

04 February
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Don't garden before 2 PM (14:00) – moon is at apogee at 8:54 AM

VEGETABLE PATCH: Transplant January-sown lettuce.

LANDSCAPING: Keep pruning deciduous trees, if it isn't freezing / Clean tree trunks to remove moss and lichen that might be growing on it: brush with a medium-stiff brush and lather with clay; carefully gather and burn fallen debris.

05 February
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
Full moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for transplanting January-sown lettuce.

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day for pruning deciduous trees, if it isn't freezing / Clean tree trunks to remove moss and lichen that might be growing on it: brush with a medium-stiff brush and lather with clay; carefully gather and burn fallen debris.

06 February
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

ORCHARD: If the weather is mild, prune (3-buds or eyes) trained and espalier apple, pear, apricot and peach trees; if not done previously, remove mummified fruit, dead or unhealthy branches, and spray bordeaux mixture / Also prune olive, grapevine and actinidia / Finish pruning small berry shrubs and use the trimmings to start cuttings (gooseberry and red currant).

VEGETABLE PATCH: Ridge faba beans if they've reached 8 inches already (20 cm).

07 February
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

ORCHARD: 2nd day, if the weather is mild, for pruning (3-buds or eyes) trained and espalier apple, pear, apricot and peach trees; if not done previously, remove mummified fruit, dead or unhealthy branches, and spray bordeaux mixture / Also prune olive, grapevine and actinidia / Finish pruning small berry shrubs and use the trimmings to start cuttings (gooseberry and red currant).

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for ridging faba beans if they've reached 8 inches (20 cm).

08 February
Fruit Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

ORCHARD: 3rd day, if the weather is mild, for pruning (3-buds or eyes) trained and espalier apple, pear, apricot and peach trees; if not done previously, remove mummified fruit, dead or unhealthy branches, and spray bordeaux mixture / Also prune olive, grapevine and actinidia / Finish pruning small berry shrubs and use the trimmings to start cuttings (gooseberry and red currant).

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day for ridging faba beans if they've reached 8 inches (20 cm).

09 February
Roots Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: Plant garlic (purple and white garlic for mild climates, pink garlic in colder area) and shallot in loose soil that you didn't fertilize in the year before; don't water / Keep harvesting winter carrot, parsnip and winter radish / Start ridging asparagus in light soil by mulching or with a clear sheet of plastic to speed growth up / Also make the best of today to prepare the soil according to your spring planting program / Thin turnip sprouts.

10 February
Roots Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris: Arnaud

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing garlic (purple and white garlic for mild climates, pink garlic in colder area) and shallot in loose soil that you didn't fertilize in the year before; don't water / Keep harvesting winter carrot, parsnip and winter radish / Start ridging asparagus in light soil by mulching or with a clear sheet of plastic to speed growth up / Also make the best of today to prepare the soil according to your spring planting program / Thin turnip sprouts.

11 February
Roots Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day for sowing garlic (purple and white garlic for mild climates, pink garlic in colder area) and shallot in loose soil that you didn't fertilize in the year before; don't water / Keep harvesting winter carrot, parsnip and winter radish / Start ridging asparagus in light soil by mulching or with a clear sheet of plastic to speed growth up / Also make the best of today to prepare the soil according to your spring planting program / Thin turnip sprouts.

12 February
Flower day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

Don't garden before 12:35 PM (12:35) – lunar node at 7:32 AM

LANDSCAPING: If not freezing, plant climbing vines (trumpet vine, honeysuckle, wisteria, clematis...), settling them right below a lattice that matches their growth rate; remember to tilt the clump in the planting hole / Plant ornamental almond (Prunus triloba), one of the first shrubs to bloom in spring / Repot phalaenopsis orchids (repeat every 2 or 3 years) / Plant primrose and pansy / On camellia, remove wilted flowers regularly (deadheading) to increase further blooming / In mild regions start pruning oleander before vegetation sets in / Prune perovskia, plumbago, shrubby sage, tree mallow, bush clover: cut all branches back to the ground, leaving only two alternate buds on the stem / Trigger sprouting for tuber begonia and canna lily bulbs by bringing them indoors (60-68°F or 16-20°C), bury the roots in shallow soil mix and water from time to time / If you've sown annuals indoors mid-January, thin the seedlings.

VEGETABLE PATCH: Transplant cauliflower sprouts sown earlier, keep them indoors until ready for transplanting to the vegetable patch.

13 February
Flower day
Descending Moon
Last quarter
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day, if not freezing, to plant climbing vines (trumpet vine, honeysuckle, wisteria, clematis...), settling them right below a lattice that matches their growth rate; remember to tilt the clump in the planting hole / Plant ornamental almond (Prunus triloba), one of the first shrubs to bloom in spring / Repot phalaenopsis orchids (repeat every 2 or 3 years) / Plant primrose and pansy / On camellia, remove wilted flowers regularly (deadheading) to increase further blooming / In mild regions start pruning oleander before vegetation sets in / Prune perovskia, plumbago, shrubby sage, tree mallow, bush clover: cut all branches back to the ground, leaving only two alternate buds on the stem / Trigger sprouting for tuber begonia and canna lily bulbs by bringing them indoors (60-68°F or 16-20°C), bury the roots in shallow soil mix and water from time to time / If you've sown annuals indoors mid-January, thin the seedlings.

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for transplanting cauliflower sprouts sown earlier, keep them indoors until they're ready for transplanting to the vegetable patch.

14 February
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: Prune boxwood edges / If not freezing, plant a deciduous foliage hedge shrubs (container or bare root) / It's also a great time to transplant deciduous shrubs and plant Virginia creeper and ornamental ivy (and other leaf ornamentals, especially ground cover).

VEGETABLE PATCH: Divide rhubarb clumps if the weather is mild / Repot and marcott herbs and spices / Till green manure into the soil, like alfalfa and vetch sown last fall, after shredding it beforehand with a mulching lawnmower / If you plan to start an asparagus patch, now is the right time to get the soil ready.

15 February
Leaf Day
Descending Moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day to prune boxwood edges / If not freezing, plant a deciduous foliage hedge shrubs (container or bare root) / It's also a great time to transplant deciduous shrubs and plant Virginia creeper and ornamental ivy (and other leaf ornamentals, especially ground cover).

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day to divide rhubarb clumps if the weather is mild
Repot and marcott herbs and spices / Till green manure into the soil, like alfalfa and vetch sown last fall, after shredding it beforehand with a mulching lawnmower / If you plan to start an asparagus patch, now is the right time to get the soil ready.

16 February
Fruit Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

Before 2:33 PM (14:33), the moon begins to descend:

ORCHARD: If the weather is mild, prune (3-buds or eyes) trained and espalier apple, pear, apricot and peach trees; if not done previously, remove mummified fruit, dead or unhealthy branches, and spray bordeaux mixture / Also prune olive, grapevine and actinidia / Finish pruning small berry shrubs and use the trimmings to start cuttings (gooseberry and red currant).

VEGETABLE PATCH: Ridge faba beans if they've reached 8 inches already (20 cm).

After 2:33 PM (14:33), moon begins to ascend:

VEGETABLE PATCH: New opportunity to sow tomato indoors (65-68°F or 18-20°C) in peat mini-clumps (removes one transplant step) or in trays - repot miniclump sprouts to individual nursery pots when plants are 2 inches tall (3-5 cm). / Keep sowing bell pepper, chili pepper and eggplant indoors in trays; cover with a slab of glass that you flip over every day to remove condensation water / If not done yet, sow early round pea and mangetout / Prepare soil for sowing: 1/4 ripe compost, 1/4 sand and 1/2 soil mix.

ORCHARD: You can still collect scions from fruit trees for grafting later on in spring.

17 February
Fruit Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing tomato indoors (65-68°F or 18-20°C) in peat mini-clumps (removes one transplant step) or in trays - repot miniclump sprouts to individual nursery pots when plants are 2 inches tall (3-5 cm) / Keep sowing bell pepper, chili pepper and eggplant indoors in trays; cover with a slab of glass that you flip over every day to remove condensation water / If not done yet, sow early round pea and mangetout
Prepare soil for sowing: 1/4 ripe compost, 1/4 sand and 1/2 soil mix.

ORCHARD: 2nd day to collect scions from fruit trees for grafting later on in spring.

18 February
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing, under shelter, monthly cycle radish; mix the seeds with those of carrots (for forcing); you'll harvest the radishes in a month and at the same time work on thinning the carrots out / If not done yet, either in the open (for warmer climates) or under shelter, sow spring and summer turnip; protect your sprouts from slugs and thin after the sprouting / In a tunnel, sow white onion sparsly to eat raw in spring; also include colored onion / Sow kohlrabi indoors in trays (55-60°F or 12-15°C), to transfer in nursery pots when they have 2 real leaves and then in the ground in May without burying them too deep / Under a cold frame, sow short and half-long carrot / Sow leek under a cold frame or on a hot bed (transplant in April, harvest in summer) / If you're going to plant potato, store tubers upright and touching each other with buds facing upwards in a crate in a sheltered spot.

19 February
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

Don't garden before 2:05 PM (14:05) – moon is at perigee at 9:05 AM

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing, under shelter, monthly cycle radish; mix the seeds with those of carrots (for forcing); you'll harvest the radishes in a month and at the same time work on thinning the carrots out / If not done yet, either in the open (for warmer climates) or under shelter, sow spring and summer turnip; protect your sprouts from slugs and thin after the sprouting / In a tunnel, sow white onion sparsely to eat raw in spring; also include colored onion / Sow kohlrabi indoors in trays (55-60°F or 12-15°C), to transfer in nursery pots when they have 2 real leaves and then in the ground in May without burying them too deep / Under a cold frame, sow short and half-long carrot / Sow leek under a cold frame or on a hot bed (transplant in April, harvest in summer) / If you're going to plant potato, store tubers upright and touching each other with buds facing upwards in a crate in a sheltered spot.

20 February
Flower day
Rising moon
New moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: Sow annuals directly in flower beds: love-in-a-mist, cosmos, Virginia stock, California poppy... / Indoors (68-72°F or 20-22°C), in a bright spot, sow pelargonium, clove pink and semperflorens begonia in trays (don't cover the begonia seeds).

VEGETABLE PATCH: Sow cauliflower and broccoli cabbage under a cold frame.

21 February
Flower day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

LANDSCAPING: 2nd day for sowing annuals directly in flower beds: love-in-a-mist, cosmos, Virginia stock, California poppy... / Indoors (68-72°F or 20-22°C), in a bright spot, sow pelargonium, clove pink and semperflorens begonia in trays (don't cover the begonia seeds).

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing cauliflower and broccoli cabbage under a cold frame.

22 February
Leaf Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: Sow headed spring lettuce and batavia for early harvests, directly in the plot under shelter (or in a nursery) / Sow headed summer and fall cabbages under shelter or in a cold frame, you'll transplant them in May / Sow white cabbage indoors, transplant to a well-exposed nursery when they grow 2-3 real leaves for a transfer to the ground early April (harvest in June-July) / Sow cardoon indoors 65-68°F (18-20 °C), for a harvest in June / Also sow, directly in the ground, garden cress, parsley, chervil, corn salad, arugula, dandelion and purslane under a sheet of winterizing fleece in a protected area of the garden / On the balcony, sow chive seeds in a garden box; thin when they have 3-4 leaves / If applicable, harvest the last heads of lettuce sown in last autumn and keep corn salad, spinach and winter lettuce under a sheet of winterizing fleece to extend the harvest even if it freezes again.

INDOORS: Sow different basil varieties indoors (68°F - 20°C).

23 February
Leaf Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing headed spring lettuce and batavia for early harvests, directly in the plot under shelter (or in a nursery) / Sow headed summer and fall cabbages under shelter or in a cold frame, you'll transplant them in May / Sow white cabbage indoors, transplant to a well-exposed nursery when they grow 2-3 real leaves for a transfer to the ground early April (harvest in June-July) / Sow cardoon indoors 65-68°F (18-20 °C), for a harvest in June / Also sow, directly in the ground, garden cress, parsley, chervil, corn salad, arugula, dandelion and purslane under a sheet of winterizing fleece in a protected area of the garden / On the balcony, sow chive seeds in a garden box; thin when they have 3-4 leaves / If applicable, harvest the last heads of lettuce sown in last autumn and keep corn salad, spinach and winter lettuce under a sheet of winterizing fleece to extend the harvest even if it freezes again.

INDOORS: 2nd day for sowing different basil varieties indoors (68°F - 20°C).

24 February
Fruit Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

Don't garden after 1:55 PM (13:55) – lunar node at 6:57 PM (18:57)

ORCHARD: If the weather is mild, prune (3-buds or eyes) trained and espalier apple, pear, apricot and peach trees; if not done previously, remove mummified fruit, dead or unhealthy branches, and spray bordeaux mixture / Also prune olive, grapevine and actinidia
Finish pruning small berry shrubs and use the trimmings to start cuttings (gooseberry and red currant).

VEGETABLE PATCH: Ridge faba beans if they've reached 8 inches already (20 cm) / If needed, transplant tomato seedlings.

25 February
Fruit Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

ORCHARD: 2nd day, if the weather is mild, for 3-bud pruning of trained and espalier apple, pear, apricot and peach trees; if not done previously, remove mummified fruit, dead or unhealthy branches, and spray bordeaux mixture / Also prune olive, grapevine and actinidia / Finish pruning small berry shrubs and use the trimmings to start cuttings (gooseberry and red currant).

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for ridging faba beans if they've reached 8 inches (20 cm) / If needed, transplant tomato seedlings.

26 February
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: Sow kohlrabi indoors in trays (55-60°F or 12-15°C), to transfer in nursery pots when they have 2 real leaves and then in the ground in May without burying them too deep / Sow colored onions in soil that hasn't recently been fertilized with manure, depth about half an inch (1-2 cm), form rows directly in the growing bed, for a harvest between July and September (thin after sprouting to one plant every 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) / Under a cold frame, sow short and half-long carrot and round or cylindrical radish / Sow leek under a cold frame or on a hot bed (transplant in April, harvest in summer) / If you're going to plant potato, store tubers upright and touching each other with buds facing upwards in a crate in a sheltered spot.

27 February
Roots Day
Rising moon
First quarter
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 2nd day for sowing kohlrabi indoors in trays (55-60°F or 12-15°C), to transfer in nursery pots when they have 2 real leaves and then in the ground in May without burying them too deep / Sow colored onions in soil that hasn't recently been fertilized with manure, depth about half an inch (1-2 cm), form rows directly in the growing bed, for a harvest between July and September (thin after sprouting to one plant every 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) / Under a cold frame, sow short and half-long carrot and round or cylindrical radish / Sow leek under a cold frame or on a hot bed (transplant in April, harvest in summer) / If you're going to plant potato, store tubers upright and touching each other with buds facing upwards in a crate in a sheltered spot.

28 February
Roots Day
Rising moon
Ephemeris:

VEGETABLE PATCH: 3rd day for sowing kohlrabi indoors in trays (55-60°F or 12-15°C), to transfer in nursery pots when they have 2 real leaves and then in the ground in May without burying them too deep / Sow colored onions in soil that hasn't recently been fertilized with manure, depth about half an inch (1-2 cm), form rows directly in the growing bed, for a harvest between July and September (thin after sprouting to one plant every 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) / Under a cold frame, sow short and half-long carrot and round or cylindrical radish / Sow leek under a cold frame or on a hot bed (transplant in April, harvest in summer) / If you're going to plant potato, store tubers upright and touching each other with buds facing upwards in a crate in a sheltered spot.

Legend
Day Moon Moon disc

* Times on this calendar are for the North Hemisphere. They're given in Universal Time (GMT), meaning they're computed based on the Greenwich meridian.

Depending on where you live, you can adjust the time down to the exact minute to have your true "local moon planting time". If you're East of the Greenwich meridian, you must add minutes; if West, subtract them. A good rule of thumb is to consider your time zone: if your local time is GMT+1, as in Paris, then you must add an hour; if it's GMT-5, as in New York, you must subtract 5 hours. A node at 3PM GMT in London will take place at 4PM (16:00) in Paris and 10AM in New York. You can even adjust for minutes in the same manner, if you're far east or west within your time zone.

In addition, in some parts of the world, you might have to adjust these times because of "Daylight Saving Time". In this case, you should adjust by an hour compared to Standard Time, in addition to the modification resulting from your timezone.

** Gardening isn't recommended 5-6 hours before and after a lunar node, apogee or perigee.

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Your reactions
  • Lu Narine wrote on 27 May 2024 at 21 h 01 min

    I’m mystified why 5 days of the end of May are missing from the website.ie May 27-31.
    Hard to know what tasks are best done during this period. Do you have the data to email me?

    Was this an oversight or intentional? I find your site is SUCH an asset to my gardening and I appreciate it!!!!!

  • Susan Vaughn wrote on 22 May 2024 at 4 h 19 min

    Can I transplant a “Japanese Maple” after May 21-May 31st. 2024? The plant is 2′ high

  • Kay Dunbar wrote on 8 April 2024 at 5 h 31 min

    I love the calendars that my pharmacy puts out every year which show the best sign of the moon when to plant flowers and garden with seeds or plants and has a sheet at back or calendar with information. It has all the information about that you need for flowers and garden but I never got one this year . He was out when I went so I got on the computer to see what I could find. I just came upon this but haven’t got to read all of it but what I have seen, looks like you have covered everything for flowers and garden.

  • Barb wrote on 6 January 2024 at 17 h 32 min

    On the Planting by the Moon calendar for Jan 6 2024 there is a statement which indicates it is time to “set up rose hips” for grafting. How exactly do you set up rose hips?