Hydrangea is without doubt among the most beautiful flower shrubs.
Hit list of Hydrangea facts
Name – Hydrangea
Family – Hydrangeaceae
Type – shrub
Height – 3 to 6 ½ feet (1 to 2 meters)
Exposure – part sun and shade
Soil – soil mixed with heath.
Foliage – deciduous
Flowering – June to October
Easy to grow and to care for, hydrangeas are amazing all summer long with their magnificent flowers in hues from pink to blue.
How to plant hydrangea correctly
Hydrangeas are best planted in fall. Heath-amended soil is mandatory for this plant, especially if your soil is otherwise chalky.
Choosing a partly shaded spot is enough to guarantee magnificent flowers and give your shrub the best it needs to develop harmoniously.
For plants that have been purchased in pots or containers, it’s possible to transplant until spring and even summer as long as both hot and cold spells are avoided.
If you are hoping to see your plants grow large and wide, plant them 30 to 40 inches (80 to 100 cm) apart.
- Check our page on the best way to plant heather plants
At the end of winter, it’s possible to find potted hydrangeas to decorate the inside of our houses and apartments.
The right maintenance for indoor hydrangea
- Choose a rather cool and well-lit spot, but not in direct sunlight.
- If the temperature exceeds 70° F (21° C), the plant may stop blooming.
- Water so that the soil mix always stays moist but without drowning the roots.
After flowering, what are the options?
- If you don’t wish to plant it outdoors in the ground, don’t plan on keeping it, it won’t bloom again.
- What’s best is to plant it directly in the ground in good heath soil towards April or May and it will bloom again the following year.
Pruning and caring for hydrangea
Even though hydrangeas are very easy to care for and practically don’t need any attention, an annual pruning will significantly boost blooming.
- After flowering, remove wilted flowers regularly (deadheading).
- Prune hydrangeas after freezing is over, in March.
- You can refer to our page on how to prune hydrangea.
Let’s hear the advice of Hubert Buquet, Master Gardener in the renowned Valloires Gardens, in France:
Diseases and parasites that attack hydrangea
Hydrangeas are rather sturdy, but there are a few weak points that open the door to diseases.
If white balls appear along the stems, you are certainly facing an invasion of hydrangea scale insects.
If whitish felt covers the underside of leaves, it is surely an attack of powdery mildew.
If your soil is too chalky, your hydrangea may sag and show signs of exhaustion, and leaves will turn yellow. This is a form of chlorosis.
- It helps to fertilize the soil with special hydrangea fertilizer and add as much heath as possible to the surface of the soil.
Spots appearing on hydrangea leaves might result from a Septoria infection. Hydrangea is one of the plants septoria infects.
- Learn all about Septoria and how to treat this fungal disease.
Types of hydrangea
Hydrangeas differ in so many ways! There are nearly 80 classified varieties, and each has hundreds of cultivars. Those most commonly found in gardens are shown here:
- Hydrangea macrophylla – also called bigleaf hydrangea
- Hydrangea petiolaris – a wonderful climbing hydrangea
All there is to know about hydrangea
With the exception of specific white-flowered varieties, the color of their flowers depends on the acidity of the soil where the plant has its roots.
The more acidic the soil, the bluer the flower. Any hydrangea planted in pure heath will almost certainly bear stark blue flowers.
Pink to red are the colors for more neutral or chalky soils.
If you wish to decorate a north-facing wall, train a climbing hydrangea.
Smart tip about hydrangea
Add organic fertilizer for heath plants or for hydrangeas every year to boost blooming.
Although the fertilizer isn’t mandatory, it will dramatically increase flower quality and enhance the bluish hue of the hydrangeas.
Liquid-form aluminum sulfate will also help your hydrangeas’ flowers to turn blue.
Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Close-up of hydrangea flowers by Toshiyuki IMAI under © CC BY-SA 2.0
Hydrangea under pine shade by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work
Seaside hydrangea by Tim Green under © CC BY 2.0