Whether for vegetables or certain flower species, direct sowing or sowing in situ is very easy.
It takes place in spring, once the last frost has passed, and during summer for most fall vegetables.
Direct sowing is a great way to avoid going out during the coronavirus lockdown to garden. No need to go buy seedlings at garden centers which might be closed!
- Start with cleaning the place where you want to plant, removing all weeds, rocks and buried roots. If you plan to sow a fresh lawn, till the soil with a rototiller.
- Break up clumps in the soil once it has been cleaned, to lighten it.
- Add organic matter with manure or seaweed-based soil conditioner, mixing it into the soil.
- Rake the soil to break it up further.
- Run a roller over the area, without pressing the soil down too much.
- Cover seeds with special seedling soil mix (no need to do this if sowing a lawn).
- Press down lightly using the backside of the rake.
- Water generously.
Plants for which direct sowing is best
- Vegetables: red beets, carrots, cabbage, lettuce, onions, beans, chives, corn salad, turnips, thyme, sorrel, parsley or radishes.
- Flowers: morning glory, marvel of peru, nasturtiums, chrysanthemum, clarkia, cup-and-saucer vines, colocynths, red poppies, tickseed, cosmos, eschscholzia, larkspurs, gaillardia, gypsophila, touch-me-not, flax, French marigolds, papaver poppies, sweet peas, rose moss, rudbeckia, marigolds or sunflowers are plants that can be sown directly in the ground.