Silverberry is a very beautiful ornamental evergreen shrub.
It’s native to the Americas and is a perfect alternative to invasive Russian Olive.
Summary: key silverberry facts
Name – Elaeagnus x commutata
Family – Elaeagnaceae
Type – shrub
Height – 6 to 10 feet (2 to 3 meters) depending on the variety
Exposure – full sun, part sun
Soil – ordinary
Foliage – evergreen or deciduous
Flowering – May to June
Care, planting and annual pruning help enhance the growth of your silverberry plant.
- Reader story: Birds poisoning a silverberry?
Silverberry is best planted in fall, but it copes perfectly with being planted all year round if purchased potted.
- If you plant during winter or during summer, avoid frost and freezing and heat waves, respectively.
- Silverberry prefers locations with high exposure to sunlight.
- It doesn’t really like waterlogged soil.
- Ideally, a mix of soil mix and garden soil is prepared upon planting.
To make a hedge, space trunks around 3 feet (1 meter) apart.
- Choose well drained soil and follow our guidance for planting shrubs.
Prune with the goal to increase the number of branches. This will result in your shrubs or hedges being more opaque. In order to succeed, prune the shrubs lightly over the first few years, cutting back about ⅓ of the previous year’s growth.
Pruning time for silverberry is the beginning of spring or in fall.
Silverberry shrubs grow back after all sorts of pruning, even if these were drastic.
They can thus be given different shapes, such as a big ball or other, without hindering their development.
- Follow our advice on pruning shrubs.
All there is to know about silverberry
Being extremely hardy and very beautiful with its silver-gold hues, silverberry is making a comeback among the favorite plants in our gardens.
Evergreen varieties reflect light towards flower beds and lighten up hedges all year round.
An interesting species which belongs to the same Elaeagnus genus is E. angustifolia, also called Russian olive tree. However, if you’re not in its native zone, it’s better not to plant that particular species.
Another species with appealing yellow-mottled leaves is Eleagnus pungens maculata.
Smart tip about silverberry
Elaeagnus usually doesn’t do well in very wet ground. Avoid waterlogged soil and stagnant water or your plant will dwindle away.
Read more on shrubs:
- Go for green all year-round and start an evergreen hedge
- Or create a flowered hedge that blooms as seasons fly by
- Attract birds with berry shrubs
- Learn to create mixed hedges which are great barriers against diseases and parasites
Silverberry on social media
Click to open posts in a new tab. Follow us there, comment, and share!
Also nice: create or join a topic on our tree and shrub forum, too.
Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Tall silverberry tree (also on social media) by George under © CC BY 2.0
Silverberry flower by Brigitte Rieser under © CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Silverberry fruits by Matt Lavin under © CC BY-SA 2.0