Silverberry, a magnificent evergreen shrub

Silverberry is a very beautiful ornamental evergreen shrub.

Summary: key silverberry facts

Name – Elaeagnus x commutata
Family – Elaeagnaceae
Type – shrub

Height
 – 6 to 10 feet (2 to 3 meters) depending on the variety
Exposure – full sun, part sun
Soil – ordinary

Foliage
 – evergreen or deciduous
Flowering – May to June

Care, planting and annual pruning help enhance the growth of your silverberry plants.

Planting silverberry

Silverberry is best planted in fall, but it copes perfectly with being planted all year round if purchased potted.

  • If you plant during winter or during summer, avoid frost and freezing and heat waves, respectively.
  • Silverberry prefers locations with high exposure to sunlight.
  • It doesn’t really like waterlogged soil.
  • Ideally, a mix of soil mix and garden soil is prepared upon planting.

To make a hedge, space trunks around 3 feet (1 meter) apart.

Pruning silverberry

Soft yellow silverberry flower with typical specked silverberry leaves.To increase the number of branches and make your shrubs or hedges more opaque, you can prune the shrubs lightly over the first few years, cutting back about ⅓ of the previous year’s growth.

Silverberry can be pruned at the beginning of spring or in fall.

Silverberry shrubs grow back after all sorts of pruning, even if these were drastic.

They can thus be given different shapes, such as a big ball or other, without hindering their development.

All there is to know about silverberry

Being extremely hardy and very beautiful with its silver-gold hues, silverberry is making a comeback among the favorite plants in our gardens.

Evergreen varieties reflect light towards your flower beds or lighten up your hedges all year round.

Branches of a silverberry bush loaded with silver-white berries.In spring, its discrete and soft blooming attracts bees with a delicate fragrance. The berries, when fully ripe, can be harvested to prepare silverberry jam.

An interesting species which belongs to the same Elaeagnus genus is Elaeagnus angustifolia, also called Russian olive tree.

Another species with appealing yellow-mottled leaves is Eleagnus pungens maculata.

Smart tip about silverberry

Elaeagnus usually doesn’t do well in very wet ground.
Avoid waterlogged soil and stagnant water or your plant will dwindle away.

Read more on shrubs:

Other interesting hedge shrubs: strawberry trees, wild privets, weigelas, cypresses, camellias, photinias, flowering currants…


Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Tall silverberry tree by George under © CC BY 2.0
Silverberry flower by Brigitte Rieser under © CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Silverberry fruits by Matt Lavin under © CC BY-SA 2.0