Silverberry, a magnificent evergreen shrub

Tall silverberry shrub in full bloom with blue sky background.

Silverberry is a very beautiful ornamental evergreen shrub.

It’s native to the Americas and is a perfect alternative to invasive Russian Olive.

Summary: key silverberry facts

NameElaeagnus x commutata
Family – Elaeagnaceae
Type – shrub

Height – 6 to 10 feet (2 to 3 meters) depending on the variety
Exposure – full sun, part sun
Soil – ordinary

Foliage – evergreen or deciduous
Flowering – May to June

Care, planting and annual pruning help enhance the growth of your silverberry plant.

Planting silverberry

Silverberry is best planted in fall, but it copes perfectly with being planted all year round if purchased potted.

  • If you plant during winter or during summer, avoid frost and freezing and heat waves, respectively.
  • Silverberry prefers locations with high exposure to sunlight.
  • It doesn’t really like waterlogged soil.
  • Ideally, a mix of soil mix and garden soil is prepared upon planting.

To make a hedge, space trunks around 3 feet (1 meter) apart.

Pruning silverberry

Soft yellow silverberry flower with typical specked silverberry leaves.Prune with the goal to increase the number of branches. This will result in your shrubs or hedges being more opaque. In order to succeed, prune the shrubs lightly over the first few years, cutting back about ⅓ of the previous year’s growth.

Pruning time for silverberry is the beginning of spring or in fall.

Silverberry shrubs grow back after all sorts of pruning, even if these were drastic.

They can thus be given different shapes, such as a big ball or other, without hindering their development.

All there is to know about silverberry

Being extremely hardy and very beautiful with its silver-gold hues, silverberry is making a comeback among the favorite plants in our gardens.

Evergreen varieties reflect light towards flower beds and lighten up hedges all year round.

Branches of a silverberry bush loaded with silver-white berries.In spring, its discrete and soft blooming attracts bees with a delicate fragrance. The berries, when fully ripe, can be harvested to prepare silverberry jam.

An interesting species which belongs to the same Elaeagnus genus is E. angustifolia, also called Russian olive tree. However, if you’re not in its native zone, it’s better not to plant that particular species.

Another species with appealing yellow-mottled leaves is Eleagnus pungens maculata.

Smart tip about silverberry

Elaeagnus usually doesn’t do well in very wet ground. Avoid waterlogged soil and stagnant water or your plant will dwindle away.

Read more on shrubs:

Other interesting hedge shrubs: strawberry tree, wild privet, weigela, cypress, camellia, photinia, flowering currant

Silverberry on social media

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Picture related to Silverberry overlaid with the

Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Tall silverberry tree (also on social media) by George under © CC BY 2.0
Silverberry flower by Brigitte Rieser under © CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Silverberry fruits by Matt Lavin under © CC BY-SA 2.0