Plentiful across Europe, Scotch broom is a shrub that bears wonderful flushes of yellow blooms in Spring.
Key facts for Scotch broom
Name – Cytisus scoparius
Family – Fabaceae
Type – shrub
Height – 6 ½ feet (2 m)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – rather sandy, well-draining
Foliage – deciduous
Flowering – April, May, June
Invasive risk – very invasive
Definitely among the easiest plants to care for: hardy, rarely sick, it self-seeds to compensate its short lifespan.
Scotch broom planting instructions
Usually, you’ll purchase your scotch broom seedlings in a nursery pot. You can plant it either in Fall or in Spring. Just watch out for days of freezing.
- Planting when the soil is frozen is more difficult and less successful.
As with most shrubs, November is best time for planting it. The young shrub can spread its roots out throughout the winter.
- If planting in Spring, make sure you watch over your scotch broom during the first summer, and water in case it gets too dry.
This shrub is excellent for growing a flowered hedge.
Scotch broom propagation
Like all plants of the Cytisus family, it’s easy to propagate this shrub through both cuttings and sowing.
- Cuttings should be taken in summer on fresh growth.
- Indeed, buds that would have become flowers in the next year will start rooting instead.
- Don’t select shoots that have already carried flowers.
- Use any loose, well-draining soil mix and keep it moist.
As for sowing the seeds, simply lay them on potting soil and barely sprinkle a little soil over them to help retain moisture. Light is needed on the seed to trigger germination.
Pruning Scotch broom and caring for it
Once it has reached the size you’d like it to keep, control the size in the following manner:
- Wait until right after the blooming
- Cut new shoots and growth back by half.
That way, over summer, new shoots will have time to form. These will bear flowers in the following spring.
Watering Scotch broom
You’ll never have to water your scotch broom at all, except if:
- it’s the first year after planting and you’ve planted in Spring
- it’s growing in a pot. In that case, water often but make sure soil drains very well.
Learn more about Scotch broom
Scotch broom flowers appear before its leaves. This makes Spring a wonderful sight, since the entire bush is covered with yellow blooms! It lasts three or more weeks, too.
This shrub is definitely among the shortest-lived ones. Usually, Scotch broom will die out after 5 years. However, you might not even notice it because young seedlings quickly weave their way through their parent’s branches and take over.
Like gorse and French broom, this particular species is very resistant to seaside environments. Wispy branches help it cope with hurricane-force winds. It can take salty air in stride. As long as it rains occasionally to rinse excess salt out, it can even grow very near the seashore. It’s a hardy plant, down to 10 or 20 degrees below freezing.
What’s with the name?
Is it Scotch broom? Scot’s broom? Well, both actually! The more correct term is “Scot’s broom”, as in, broom of the Scottish people. Scotch is a contraction of “Scottish”, and is widely used to refer the fine alcoholic drink in the whisky family.
However, wisdom and knowledge sometimes don’t come out over the top in the battle for common sense… the name people use most is “Scotch broom”, by far!
Scotch broom origin and invasiveness
Scotch broom comes from Europe, and in many other places it’s regarded as a noxious weed. Horticulturists loved the flowers, land developers loved that it held soil and runoff well, and both created a problem that today’s generations have to solve.
Indeed, scotch broom is highly invasive. Additionally, it’s an extreme fire risk, since dried twigs and old sap contain compounds that burn extremely well. Lastly, the bad news… seeds can sprout up to 8 decades later!
Do not plant it if you’re in one of the states that has declared it a weed! Actually, best consider alternatives to Scotch broom entirely if you’re not in Europe. This is also valid for the equally invasive French broom which are similar to Scotch broom in many respects.
Smart tip about Scotch broom
Combine Scotch broom with other shrubs to form a flowered hedge that will be a true stunner in Spring!