What is a courtyard? Might seem like a basic question, but it’s often important to clarify what we’re talking about in order to get things right. According to the dictionary, a courtyard is “ an open-air space surrounded with walls and/or buildings, belonging to a household or community building ”. So setting up a courtyard with lots of shade means caring for an enclosed space, usually rather small, which only gets very little light.
It seems like all these limitations would make such a feat impossible, doesn’t it? Worry not! Thanks to our tips, you’ll find it quite easy to turn your courtyard into a great place to hang out.
1. Decorate the courtyard walls
The first tip to help you organize a shade-covered courtyard is to consider it exactly as you would an actual room in the house. With that notion as a starting point, simply follow basic indoor house design rules to visually transform the space provided by your courtyard. Choosing the right colors and selecting which walls to paint make a huge difference in how big you feel the “room” is. It can make the space feel wider, larger, or deeper. Here is a quick summary to help understand and choose your colors:
This will certainly be one of your goals: make your court seem larger than it really is. Typically, you’d make more use of cool colors (blue, green, etc.), and they’d also be lighter, such as pastel hues. You don’t necessarily need to paint. It’s perfectly possible to screw wooden trellises onto the wall, and tether climbing vines to them: ivy, honeysuckle, climbing hydrangea, etc.
Now, if you’re aiming to visually widen your courtyard, similar principals apply. Create contrast, with the back wall being the darkest and side walls coming out much lighter.
Conversely, a lighter back wall together with darker side walls will provide more depth to your courtyard, a nice optical illusion as well.
Do you like cocooning and would really like to feel that sensation outdoors? In that case, go for ivory or light tan colors, and just paint two touching walls (left and back, or back and right). This will result in a nice intimate atmosphere.
2. Laying down the groundwork – literally
Depending on how you intend to use your courtyard, you’ll need different layouts and materials for the ground:
- If you simply want to lay back in a reclining garden chair, no need for stability: any ground cover will do. Fans of gravel will thus set up hollow core slabs on the ground, and fill them up with gravel. Having the gravel locked in the honeycomb structure makes walking easier.
- However, if you intend to bring a table out for lunch or dinner, you’ll need a harder surface because of the frequent scraping of chairs. In this case, go for tiles (wood or gravel-studded cement), artificial grass, or even repurposed pallets if you need a tinge of originality. Note that you can combine both types of flooring: stable, stronger for the garden set or dining area, and softer, more ornamental materials for the rest of the courtyard (such as shale mulch, for instance).
3. Select your plants with care
Selecting the right plants may seem a hurdle, because they definitely need to be shade plants. However, you’ll soon find out that there is a wide selection of plants that prefer shade to sun! For instance, here are a few quick picks:
- heath plants (Camellia, Japanese maple, Skimmia, Azalea, etc)
- the many species of fern
- certain shrubs like spindle and Cotoneaster
- Hosta, Bergenia, Omphalodes, saxifrage are also perennials that will grow lush and dense in full shade. Their blooming is very colorful, perfect to brighten up your courtyard.
4. Ready? Set? Plant!
After you’ve made your pick comes the time to finally plant. In most cases, your courtyard is cemented all over. You’ll have to go for garden boxes (wooden ones, or resin ones), pots (plastic, clay, resin), raised beds, etc. This is actually an advantage, since you can now customize the soil mix in each box to the plants that go in it. For instance, you’ll put more peat for heath plants than in other boxes.
Another advantage is that you can use the boxes and pots themselves to add color to your courtyard. Mix shapes, colors and sizes as you choose your containers, it’ll make your courtyard feel very lively! If, on the other hand, the courtyard still connects to the earth below, you can amend the soil and create magnificent growing beds with flowered borders along the edges.
5. The final touch for shade-filled courtyards: ornaments!
- Play with light in as many ways as you can: candle holders, fairy lights, spotlights, storm lights… Garden stores are sure to have the right ones for you.
- Add a few mirrors on walls to provide depth and perspective. It will seem like your courtyard is a pathway to dreamland…
Congratulations! You now are a master at landscaping a shade-covered courtyard! Let your imagination run wild and set up your dream courtyard right away.