Spindle hosts a unique and very ornamental leafage.
Short list of Spindle facts
Name – Euonymus
Family – Celastraceae
Type – shrub
Height – 1 ⅓ to 16 feet (0.5 to 5 meters)
Exposure – full sun, part sun
Soil – ordinary
Foliage – deciduous or evergreen
Fruit formation – September-October
Care, from planting to pruning, will help you enhance the growth of your spindles.
The most promising season to plant spindle is fall, in order to promote root growth and settling in.
If you must plant in spring, provide for more regular watering over the summer.
- Spindle loves sun and full sun is where it blooms best, but it still copes perfectly with living in part sun.
- Spindle tolerates all types of soil, whether acidic or chalky, heavy or well drained.
- Water regularly after planting.
In a hedge, keep a distance of at least 32 inches (80 cm) to 3 feet (1 meter) between specimens.
- Find all of our advice on planting shrubs
Spindle is easily propagated through cuttings and through grafting.
Preparing cuttings is the easier and quicker of the two if you’re looking to multiply your spindle.
- Collect your cuttings at the end of of the summer, on soft-wood growth.
- Dip the cuttings in powdered rooting agents to facilitate root growth.
- Keep the cuttings under a cold frame over the winter.
- Here are our tips on how to prepare cuttings.
Pruning and caring for spindle
- Prune in fall or spring in order to balance the tree for evergreen species.
- Best is to prune quite drastically at the end of winter for deciduous species to promote a dense, compact growth.
- Avoid pruning during cold spells, especially if its below freezing.
Caring for it is very easy and only calls for very little attention apart from the pruning.
Spindle is a shrub that requires only little watering, except in case of extended dry spells.
Potted spindle also has more pressing needs in terms of water.
- Remember to clean the base of your spindle regularly in order to remove weeds and break the soil crust that tends to keep the water from seeping in.
- Water potted spindle as soon as the surface soil is dry.
Diseases and parasites that impact spindle
Spindle is quite the hardy one and it resists diseases and parasites well, but it occasionally is tickled by mites and ticks, aphids and mealybugs.
Among the more common diseases infecting spindle, note powdery mildew which is clearly recognized due to its whitish velvety layer spreading across the leaves.
Learn more about spindle
- BE CAREFUL: spindle berries are poisonous and can lead to severe digestive disorders.
The fruits are encased in capsules that open up in fall. Their seeds naturally attract birds thanks to their yellow, red or orange colors that stand out with the red casing.
- Most often doted with evergreen leaves, this shrub is often found in hedges.
- For deciduous varieties, the leaves are magnificent in fall and alternate from purple, orange and pink.
Spindle does fine in normal strong summers, but it fears heat waves and that’s why it isn’t always found along coasts in warmer climates.
It doesn’t fear freezing, and can be planted almost anywhere in temperate climates.
- Examples of deciduous spindle species – Euonymus alatus, Euonymus europaes
- A few evergreen spindle species – Euonymus fortunei, Euonymus japonicus
Smart tip about spindle
Spindle is perfectly adapted to evergreen hedges and it will additionally provide you with a wide range of often original colors.