The complete guide to spending January in the garden

Tradition calls for well-wishing to all as the year starts in most of the world! May every passing day make you a better person in character, relationship, and health!

January is often a time when resolutions are taken, promises to oneself to give something new a try in the garden. The nicer days aren’t far off anymore and nature is beginning to clamor for life…

These often cold but luminous days are great moments to get work done and to shed the extra pounds we might have put on during the recent feast days.

The garden during the month of January

January is often the coldest month of the year, well, in the Northern hemisphere of course, and for gardeners it is often impossible to sink a spade or pick in the frozen soil.

Plants are taking a rest, all the while doing their best to cope with freezing at night and in the early morning.

Last plants to be planted

It’s usually quite difficult to plant in January because, as mentioned earlier, the soil is often rock-hard.

However, if a mild spell occurs, feel free to plant the remaining trees, shrubs and fruit trees that you perhaps haven’t had time to plant yet.

You can also move all your deciduous plants around as long as it doesn’t freeze because their vegetation is at a complete stop and they can thus be handled without fear.

Winter care for rose trees

If your climate is mild in this period, it’s a good time to spray for the first time of the year a preparation of Bordeaux mixture.

This will speed regrowth by protecting the plants from fungal diseases.

Garden flowers and those on a balcony, deck or terrace

This is one of the quietest moments of the year for most of the outdoor plants.

If hard frost spells haven’t yet hit your area, now is the time to protect your plants from the cold.

Prepare your garden boxes because the planting of primroses and pansies isn’t far off.

You can even plant them at the end of the month if the climate is rather mild in your area.

Caring for fruit trees in January

It is still time to plant fruit trees if the temperature is above freezing.

Now is also the season to perform the winter pruning of fruit trees.

If you’ve already planted your fruit trees, check that they’re still in shape after their first few weeks or months, and replace ties and stakes if they’ve come loose.

Lawn and grass in January

In case of deep cold, the soil turns very hard and blades of grass will break off easily.

  • Avoid walking around your lawn when this is the case or you’ll damage it unwittingly.

January in the vegetable patch

Although for the most part winter crops can survive the cold without any form of protection, it is nonetheless advisable to protect them in case of extreme cold.
For that, use mulch, dried leaves or straw which will make pulling them out easier since it will keep the soil from freezing.

  • You can start preparing the soil for the first seedlings-to-be.
  • Spread organic soil conditioner made from manure and seaweed on your soil.

Sowing in January of your first vegetables

In a sheltered place with heating, some varieties can be planted already.

Such are carrot, cabbage, leek, endives (chicory), lettuce, and turnips.

There we go! That was it for January. Spend time planning your garden near the stove with a piping hot mug of tea, that’s enjoyable, too! Days slowly grow longer and during the next month you’ll notice the first signs that life is awakening.