The Arbutus unedo tree is a superb shrub that is well-known thanks to its beautiful red fruits that look like strawberries – and they’re edible, too!
A summary of A. unedo key facts
Name – Arbutus unedo
Family – Ericaceae
Type – shrub
Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet (2 to 5 meters)
Exposure – full sun, part sun
Soil – ordinary, well drained
Foliage – evergreen
Flowering – August to November
Harvest – August to November
Planting an Arbutus unedo tree
Fall is the best season to plant your Arbutus unedo tree but you can still plant it without dire consequence until spring, as long as you are able to avoid frost spells.
When planting in spring, provide for adequate watering after the planting.
- A. unedo prefers locations with high exposure to sunlight.
- For hedges, space the trees at least 32 inches (80 cm) apart.
- Refer to our guidelines for planting shrubs.
Pruning Arbutus unedo trees
Pruning of the Arbutus unedo tree is rather done in spring.
Avoid pruning in fall, because you would be pruning off the magnificent berries that form and stay on the tree over winter.
- Follow our advice on pruning arbutus unedo trees.
- For Arbutus unedo trees planted in a hedge, follow this advice on pruning hedges.
Know more about the Arbutus unedo tree
Arbutus unedo is a very beautiful shrub that bears cute edible fruits. However, the pleasure we derive from this bland fruit seems a far match from the joy that birds express when they stop by for a bite…
Actually, the “unedo” part of the scientific name is said to come from old Latin “unus” and “edo” which means “one edible”. Not that it is toxic: simply that since the taste isn’t very delicious when raw, eating one is more than enough!
Easy to care for, Arbutus unedo adapts to all soil types, either in beds or in hedges, or in pots or garden boxes for a terrace.
Arbutus unedo is especially present around the entire Mediterranean ocean, but it also grows well along the Atlantic coast.
Its hardiness is quite good, down to 5°F (-15°C) which makes it a shrub that resists freezing rather well.
Surprising peeling bark
Disease and treatments for Arbutus unedo
Smart tip about Arbutus unedo
No need to add any fertilizer, but it is a good idea to mulch the base of the tree to avoid weed growth in summer and protect roots when winters are cold.
Read more about shrubs
- Ideas of flowered shrubs for a hedge
- Hedges, great barriers against diseases
- Shrubs that flower in the summer
- Setting up a flowered hedge
Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Ripe arbutus unedo fruits by Siala under Pixabay license
Opened Arbutus unedo fruit by Nealmarques under © CC BY-SA 3.0
Arbutus unedo bark by Pixel2013 under Pixabay license
Arbutus unedo flowers by Carsten Niehaus under © CC BY-SA 3.0