Apricot tree, producing delicious apricots

The branch of an apricot tree loaded with ripe orange fruit.

The apricot tree is a wonderful fruit tree that requires a bit of care to produce beautiful apricots, but it’s easy to grow.

Key facts about the apricot tree

NamePrunus armeniaca
Family – Rosaceae
Type – fruit tree

Height – 16 to 20 feet (5 to 6 m)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – ordinary

Foliage – deciduous
Flowering – March
Harvest – July-August

Planting, pruning and caring for them is important. Each helps avoid diseases and ensures proper development for your apricot tree.

Planting an apricot tree

Best is to plant your apricot tree in fall, with a distance of about 5 feet (1.5 meters) between trees if you are planting several.

You can also plant your apricot tree in spring or summer but provide for regular watering at the beginning.

  • Apricot trees require sun to flower correctly.
  • Rich and well-drained soil will increase apricot harvest.
  • Apricot trees don’t do well in waterlogged and excessively moist soil.
  • It is much better to plant in a location that is sheltered from strong wind.
  • Refer to our guidelines for planting.

Be careful! Flowers die off in below freezing temperatures. If you expect late frost spells in your area, choose later-blooming varieties such as the Prunus armeniaca ‘Polish’ variety.

Caring for your apricot tree

Easy to care for, an apricot tree only requires little attention when it is correctly settled in.

To avoid diseases, a simple treatment at the end of winter helps protect your apricot tree from a great number of fungus.

  • After the blooming, spray Bordeaux mixture. This spray is particularly effective in stopping apricot fruit rot, called European brown rot.
  • In spring, bury 1 or 2 handfuls of fruit tree fertilizer at the foot of the apricot tree.
  • In fall, spread compost or even manure at the base of the tree.

A flowering branch of apricot with white blooms.

Other apricot tree diseases and treatments

Like most fruit trees, apricot trees are vulnerable to multiple diseases and parasites. Sadly, these might reach the point where they ruin an entire harvest.

If treated well, and especially if treated in a timely manner, it is possible to avoid apricot tree diseases and fungus.

The first weakness to watch out for is spring freezing that can devastate a harvest. Therefore, it is mandatory to plant in the sun and out of strong winds to mitigate this risk.

Most common apricot tree diseases and parasites

European brown rot – This is the most common apricot tree disease. Apricots literally rot while still on the apricot tree, with brown bruises and white spots appearing.

Powdery mildew – Young apricot fruits are colonized by this fungus. As a result, a layer of whitish velvet and white spots appears.

Aphids – These are the most common apricot tree parasites.

Regular spraying of Bordeaux mixture, as soon as buds open. After that, keep spraying until about two weeks before harvesting the apricots. This is a sure way to avoid many fungal diseases. A beautiful summer harvest can then be expected.

How to prune an apricot tree

Immature green apricots on branch.Annual pruning is recommended to increase the harvest.

Pruning is generally performed in spring or fall, as long as it doesn’t freeze.

The goal is only to even out and balance the tree’s growth.

Increase air circulation by removing weak branches. Retain outwards-growing branches.

Pruning apricot trees in spring

In order to coax the tree into producing many beautiful apricots, it is possible to perform a fruit-inducing pruning. Do this before spring growth resumes.

Pruning apricot trees in fall

As soon as leaves have fallen off, pruning is in order. Slightly reduce any branches that have born fruits. Also ensure removal of weak and damaged branches.

Apricot trees are very vulnerable to wounds. It is a good idea to apply wound-healing paste after pruning.

In case of of abundant production, feel free to thin the fruits in spring. Simply remove a few fruits. One in three or four is fine.

If a branch breaks, cut it off cleanly near the wound and apply pruning paste.

Favorite apricot tree cultivars

‘Bergarouge’ – Red colored, sweet and juicy large apricot, harvested from mid-July onwards.

‘Bergeron’ – Yellow colored, juicy and harvested in August. This variety is very hardy.

‘Hargrand’ – Yellow colored, perfect for jams. Harvested mid-July.

‘Luizet’ – Cute, mottled apricot that is particularly juicy, harvested mid-July.

‘Muscat’ – Yellow colored, a heirloom variety that is particularly tasty, harvested from mid-July.

‘Orangered’ – Red colored, is one of the early varieties, first to be harvested. It is crisp.

‘Gros Peche de Nancy’ – Yellow colored, large musk-flavored fruits harvested end of July to beginning of August.

‘Pointu de roquevaire’ – Yellow colored, very fragrant and recognizable thanks to its distinctive pointed end. Harvest begins in July.

‘Polonais’ or ‘Polish’– Yellow colored, perfect for making your own jam, harvested from beginning of July.

‘Rosé de Provence’ – Red colored, very sweet and harvested from early July.

‘Rouge de Roussillon’ – Red colored, particularly fragrant and harvested from early July.

‘Tardif de Tain’ – Orange-yellow colored, late variety harvested end of August.

All there is to know about apricot tree

Many fruits are ripening on this apricot branch.Apricot trees are also called common apricot trees (Prunus armeniaca). It belongs to the Prunus genus and to the large Rosaceae family.

Native to Asia, it likes heat. Depending on the location and the variety, a tree will produce apricots from June for earlier varieties up to August for later ones.

Artifacts prove that it was grown in ancient China over 2000 years ago.

Very productive in terms of fruits and flowers, this little tree has many assets. For instance, colors are beautiful, both in spring with magnificent pinkish white flowers, and in summer with orange yellow apricots.

Most apricot tree cultivars are self-pollinating. However, ask your local horticulture store if the variety you’re purchasing requires cross-pollination.

Easy to care for, apricot trees like rather hot and wind-sheltered areas and are simple to grow.

Insects, parasites and apricot tree diseases

Apricot trees are vulnerable to the same diseases as those attacking peach trees, specifically peach leaf curl and also European brown rot.

  • A good solution is to spray natural fermented tea which helps control fungus.

Smart tip about apricot trees

No point in watering often, since this tree resists short droughts very well.

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