Amelanchier, an all-season eyecatcher

Beautiful fall colors on amelanchier leaves

Amelanchier is an ideal tree when setting up a mixed and flowered hedge.

Summary of Amelanchier facts

NameAmelanchier
FamilyRosaceae
Type – shrub

Height – 6 to 13 feet (2 to 4 meters)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – ordinary is fine, rich if possible

Foliage – deciduous
Flowering – April to May

Magnificent from spring to fall, its flowers and berries are its strongest assets.

Planting Amelanchier

Amelanchier is planted indifferently in fall or in spring, selecting a spot that is well endowed with sun for beautiful blooming.

  • Amelanchier prefers rather rich, deep and well-drained soil, but any type of garden soil can do. It’s not a very picky tree.
  • It loves full sun and even part sun.
  • If part of a hedge, keep a distance of around 6 ½ feet (2 meters) between shrubs.
  • Follow our advice on planting shrubs
  • Propagate through cuttings at the end of summer.

Be careful, if you’re planting in spring, it is a good idea to water regularly during the 1st year after planting.

Pruning amelanchier

White flowers of the amelanchier treeIt isn’t necessary to prune the plant, but it can be useful when stems start getting tangled up.

If you wish to reduce or balance the shrub out, wait for the end of the blooming.
If not, you’ll be compromising any chance of seeing flowers appear.

  • Remove branches that cross over and those that seem all tangled up.
  • Prune branches that are growing towards the ground.
  • Remove dead wood regularly.

All there is to know about amelanchier

Purple-hued amelanchier berries in the rainBetween 10 to 16 feet (3 to 5 meters) tall, Amelanchier is one of those beautiful shrubs that bloom very early in the year and that contribute to making our gardens elegant.

Flowers cover the tree in a beautiful white suit early April, preparing a feast for bees.

On top of its cute star-shaped flowers, it stays ornamental all year long thanks to its beautiful leafage that ranges from bronze hues in spring to red and gold in fall.

Amelanchier flowers are indeed star-shaped, generally white, but some varieties can be a bit pinkish.

The purple-colored berries, if they’re not all picked by birds, will be great for baking delicious pies and jam.

Called serviceberries or other names like rock pear depending on the variety, these fruits are indeed edible and can also be eaten raw.

In Quebec, chuckley pear is the name they go by.

It is easy to care for and adapts to being added to a shrub bed, grown as a standalone, but its most relevant use is as a mixed hedge or a flowered hedge.

Lastly, note that amelanchier attracts birds, which is true for any of the 25 varieties that comprise this genus.

Smart tip about amelanchier

The fruits born by amelanchier are perfectly edible and will attract birds to your garden.


Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois):
Brightly colored autumn leaves by Aelxander von Halem under © CC BY-SA 2.0
White stars blooming by Joan Simon under © CC BY-SA 2.0
Amelanchier berries by J. Henning under Pixabay license