Choosing plants based on the climate in your area will make for easy gardening and will help reduce treatments and watering.
Common sense is applicable and will make your garden more in tune with nature!
Countries that are in temperate regions often have very diverse climates. In France, for example, the weather is oceanic along the west coast, with mild and rainy winters and summers that never really get hot. The East is much more continental, weathering harsh winters and hot summers. The South-East has typical Mediterranean weather, and mountain areas have their own types of weather that results from their altitude and wind patterns.
Freezing sub-zero temperatures or simply a little frost; dry or drenched summers, all these differences impact the plants you’re going to grow. It’s important to consider this when designing your dream garden, because it’s just as important as soil type, if not more, when considering how successful a crop can be.
These tips will help you avoid ruinous water bills in summer and questionable expenses for fertilizer in spring, since a plant that is suited to its growing environment will be hardier and more resilient in the face of diseases and parasites. This makes gardening much easier!
To select the varieties that are best suited to your climate, the horticulture store you usually visit will be your best ally in this quest. Neighbors who have been gardening for a while will have precious advice for you, too. Observe what grows best on your neighbor’s plots. Wild hedges and abandoned orchards of old usually lend useful hints at which trees and fruit trees will grow without any problems in your garden: oak, lime tree, yew, plane, apple tree, cherry tree, pear tree… Hardy species with a great many different varieties or cultivars: finding the variety that is perfectly suited to the soil type and climate in your area is in your hands!
Although relying on local species certainly helps preserve biodiversity in each particular habitat, nothing should stop you from occasionally splurging for exotic plants that have evolved and been naturalized to our climates, like actinidia (kiwi) which grows well even in northernmost spots.
Note, however, that some foreign varieties have adapted so well that they become truly invasive and proliferate uncontrollably. This threatens local flora and fauna. For example, that is what happened with butterfly bush, ragweed, pampa grass, Japanese knotweed, South African ragwort and Canadian goldenrod. Avoid these or similar threats.