Rosemary is both a beautiful shrub and a formidable herb plant.
Overview of Rosemary facts
Name – Rosmarinus officinalis
Family – Lamiaceae
Type – shrub, spice herb
Height – 3 to 5 feet (1 to 1.5 m)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – ordinary but not too heavy
Foliage – evergreen
Harvest – January to December
Care and pruning are small actions that will increase the proper development of the herb shrub.
- Health: health benefits and therapeutic value of rosemary
- Read also: articles to learn more about rosemary
Planting rosemary in spring or in fall is best, preferably in light and well-draining soil.
Rosemary is a Mediterranean plant that adapts well to most climates and situations (with the exception of high-altitude mountain ranges), and which is more vulnerable to excess moisture or lack of sun than it is to the cold itself.
- Rosemary loves sun, even those very hot sweltering spots of the garden in summer.
- If possible, protect it from strong winds, especially if near the sea.
- Rosemary hates soil moisture and can’t survive stagnating water.
- It likes well drained soil, even if poor or chalky.
Rosemary can deal with salty air, but not strong sea winds.
- Preparing rosemary cuttings:
Simply snip a four to six-inch branch tip and place it in a glass of water on your kitchen windowsill. Change the water every three-four days. When roots have sprouted that are half an inch long, transfer to a pot with moist soil.
- Sowing rosemary:
For the sowing, you must sow directly in place in spring, but it is sometimes quicker and easier for the amateur gardener to plant young shoots purchased in stores.
You can collect seeds from rosemary, they’ll likely sprout well, especially if there are many pollinators in your garden.
Care and trimming of rosemary
In the coldest regions, cover its foot with a thick layer of dried leaves to protect it against the cold.
Water regularly the first year after planting if the weather is hot and it isn’t raining.
Once the first year has passed, this shrub can take any drought in stride.
You can cut stems off whenever you need some all year round.
It is preferable to cut from recent growth to stimulate new shoots and make the rosemary branch out.
Remove dead branches at the beginning of spring.
Don’t prune on dead wood, because rosemary won’t grow back on these older parts.
Learn more about growing rosemary
It is a very hardy cultivated shrub that resists very well to temperatures below freezing and diseases, too.
There are several varieties. One of the more surprising ones is the creeping rosemary. It sends snaking branches along the ground, rarely growing any taller than a foot (30 cm).
As its scientific name mentions, “officinalis“, rosemary has medicinal properties that favor digestion and stimulate the body.
It is often used to prepare bouquet garni.
- Health: health benefits of rosemary
The ingredients used to prepare bouquet garni
Since rosemary is part of these, it won’t be difficult for you to create your own bouquet garni yourself if you plant these few herbs.
Apart from rosemary, the most common bouquet garni components are:
As such, any recipe that calls for one of these can usually be made tastier with a touch of rosemary. A great example of this is delicious ham and leek quiche, a pie that’s simple, tasty, and very easy to bake.
Smart tip about rosemary
No need to water, rosemary will do just fine in poor, dry soil. It will do very well with its companion plant thyme. They share whatever light, nutrients and water without competing.
Rosemary on social media
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Healthy rosemary bush (also on social media) by samsevents ☆ under Pixabay license
Blooming rosemary by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work
Rosemary near the beach by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work
Two rosemary varieties by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work
Sprigs on a healthy shrub (also on social media) by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work