Quince tree is a very beautiful fruit tree, that bears nice fruits called quinces.
Key Quince facts, a short list
Name – Cydonia ablongua
Family – Rosaceae
Type – fruit tree
Height – 16 feet (5 m)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – rather rich, well drained
Foliage – deciduous
Flowering – Spring
Harvest – September to November
Care, pruning and planting must all follow good practices to increase the fruit formation.
Like most trees, quince is best planted in fall to speed root development up before winter and guarantee a stronger growth in spring.
You can also plant your quince tree in spring, as long as it is possible for you to water it often over the first summer following the planting.
- Quince appreciates sun and part shade.
- It does well in all types of soil, except perhaps excessively chalky soil.
- It resists the cold well and almost anything that most climates can throw at it.
- Follow our guidance for planting.
It isn’t really necessary to prune quince, since it won’t really influence fruit-bearing.
But it is however possible to reduce the size of this tree’s branches, since they can grow somewhat big.
- Pruning is best performed in winter, after the quinces have been harvested, or at the very beginning of spring before spring growth renews.
- Open up the center of the tree to maximize the amount of light reaching through in summer.
- Removing dead and diseased branches comes next, or regularly whenever you notice them.
Learn more about quince
But its small size, the beauty of its leaves and of its bearing, and the distinctive culinary quality of its fruits have brought it back into the spotlight, with good reason!
It is also a perfect fruit tree for countryside gardens.
Easy to grow and requiring practically no care, quince is slowly gaining more aficionados!
It will fit even in a small urban garden, or in the corner of a countryside house, anywhere the climate isn’t too harsh.
Smart tip about quince
When harvesting, only harvest those fruits that are very ripe on the tree, because once it is detached from the branch, it won’t mature anymore.
The fruits are rather fragile and must be handled carefully.
Common quince diseases
- European brown rot, quinces rot while still hanging on the tree
- Powdery mildew, white velvet covers leaves or brown spots appear on the fruits