Guzmania is a plant often grown indoors in cooler climates that is simply beautiful.
Native to Central America and to the Caribbean Antilles, it is grown for its foliage and its superb flower.
A summary of what there is to know:
Type: indoor plant
Height: 12 to 16 inches (30 to 40 cm)
Exposure: light but without direct light
Flowering: end of winter or summer
Planting and re-potting guzmania:
Guzmania is a plant that requires soil that is sufficiently rich and well-drained to grow well. Special Bromeliaceae soil mix seems to be the best solution for your guzmania.
- Guzmania never grows far-reaching roots, which is why a small pot, about 4 inches (10 cm), is more than enough.
- You will only need to repot when you want to split new shoots from the main plant.
Upon re-potting your guzmania:
If you plan to repot your guzmania and separate new shoots from the mother plant.
- Guzmania roots hate having too much water.
Double-check that the new pot has a hole in the bottom.
Increase drainage with a layer of gravel or clay pebbles along the bottom of the pot, to make water flow through more easily.
- Good soil mix is needed. Usually, stores offer special Bromeliaceae potting soil for sale, you can use that if possible.
The plant, when it lives indoors, needs soil mix because that is the only source for the nutrients it needs.
- Low but constant moisture levels must be maintained, which you can ensure if you spray the leaves often.
You must rest the pot on a bed of gravel, rocks or clay marbles doused in water.
Where to place your guzmania:
Guzmania requires temperatures that oscillate between 65 and 74°F (18 to 24°C) and never drops below 57°F (-13°C).
The temperature of a house or apartment is thus ideal for growing guzmania.
The best location for your guzmania is any spot where there isn’t any direct sun on the plant.
- The guzmania can’t stand the sun’s rays when they touch its leaves directly.
So the plant rejoices in adequate light but not direct sun.
- Absolutely avoid setting it near heat sources such as radiators, because moisture is what this tropical plant needs most.
- East or West-facing windows are thus usually the best call for your guzmania.
Watering and fertilizing:
Regular but moderate watering is called for because Guzmania doesn’t usually require a lot of water.
In spring and summer:
Keep the soil mix a bit moist and check that water drains properly.
Provide liquid leaf plant fertilizer more or less once a month to extend the blooming to the maximum.
- Water from above, ideally with water that is already at room temperature.
- It’s ok to let water collect in the little funnel where the leaves meet the stem. This is called the rosette. A couple drops a day are enough.
- Take care to dry this vulnerable spot whenever the temperature drops below 65°F (18°C).
To retain a certain moisture level, it is best to put the pot on a bed of clay pebbles wallowing in water.
In fall and winter:
Reduce watering and wait for the soil to be thoroughly dry in the surface before watering again.
Stop adding fertilizer.
Common diseases that infect guzmania:
- If the color of the leaves turns pale, it is probably due to a lack of fertilizer.
- If the inside leaves turn yellow or brown, it is probably due to too much watering.
Smart tip about guzmania:
A fabulous indoor plant, guzmania is native to tropical forests and is rendered vulnerable by the dry air in our homes.
Spraying the plant regularly and placing the pot atop a bed of wet gravel will help re-create the plant’s natural habitat.
Guzmania fears drafty spots.