Did you know you could grow a new pineapple from the leafy tip of the fruit itself? Making this pineapple cutting is great way to get a perpetual supply of this fabulous vitamin-full fruit!
Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a fruit that is now famous the world over. Though best results will happen in tropical countries at medium altitudes (lots of sun, not too hot), it can still work from your own home in temperate climates!
4 steps to succeed your pineapple cuttings:
1/ Prepare the leaf crown
- Cut the leaf crown off the pineapple as you usually do (and eat the fruit of course).
- Break off any flesh, and pull/tear off the smallest leaves off the bottom, until you reach those leaves that are nearly 1½ inches long (4 cm).
- As you would for an avocado seed, balance your pineapple stem upright atop a glass by sticking three toothpicks into the side.
2/ Start roots off in water
- Center it, and raise or lower it in the glass, so that when you add water, about ½ to ¾ of the stem is submerged. Include the base of a couple leaves.
- After about 1 month at most, you should see thick roots start to form around the side of the stem.
- If a leaf or two is starting to turn brown from staying in the water so long, remove it: you’ll uncover roots forming underneath them!
- Never water from above, but lift the cutting out to adjust water level. Change the water every 3-4 days to avoid algae.
3/ Transplant to a nursery pot
- When roots are about an inch (2.5cm) long, transplant the pineapple cutting to a large nursery pot.
- Keep watering, but from below. As is the case with most bromeliads, getting water in the leaf crown will kill it.
4/ Transplant to the final pot
Leaves will form from the center of the plant. Check how many roots appear along the side of the nursery pot. If a root begins winding sideways around the pot, or if roots start to poke out from the holes under the nursery pot, it’s time to transplant your Ananas comosus to its final pot.
- A pot about a foot across and between 6 and 10 inches deep will suit the transplant well.
- Ensure perfect drainage, feed and care for your pineapple plant well.
More ways to prepare pineapple cuttings
Professional farmers don’t go through the water step to propagate their pineapples. They plant the heads in the soil directly, about 2 inches deep (5 cm). Pineapple can’t take cold temperatures, it will die if it freezes and it’s outside.
- Spread mulch around the head to lock moisture in.
- In time, outer leaves will dry out and die, but new leaves will form from the center and slowly increase in size as roots develop.
Splitting the crown into halves and quarters
Instead of growing a single new plant from your crown, it’s possible to get two or even 4 new ones. You can split each crown into half with a sharp knife, cutting right from the center.
- Cut lengthwise from the bottom of the stem up into the leaf crown.
- Cut each half again to get fourths.
- Pinch off the small inside leaves that were previously in the center of the leaf crown. Remove them until you’ve carved a hollow about 1/4th inch (0.5-0.7 cm) deep at the tip.
- This is important because you don’t want the new plants to start growing from the center portion, it won’t work if you split the crown. Now, they can only grow new leaves from under the leaf nodes, exactly the same place where roots will come out, too.
- Plant each portion in the ground about an inch deep (3 cm). Position the cutting slanted, even horizontally, with the wedge tip facing downwards and the leaves jutting out of the soil.
As with other cuttings, keep the soil moist but not soggy, and after a few weeks, roots will appear. After about two months, depending on sun and temperature, new shoots will appear, too.
Starting pineapple in water by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work
Rooting pineapple crowns by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work
Splitting pineapple plants to get more by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work