Starting a flower bed always requires a little bit of thinking and planning. There are a few basic rules to follow if you want your bed to look beautiful.
Best news: no need to be a landscaper to succeed! If you follow our advice, creating a flowerbed will be something you’ll quickly master!
1. Select plants based on your natural environment
The first rule, and possibly the most important one to make a flower bed, is to select your plants based on their future growing environment. They’ll thrive all the more for this. The criteria you should consider are the following:
- climate (harsh winter or mild one, dry summer or wet summer);
- the soil type in your garden;
- the slope;
- exposure (full sun, part sun/part shade, full shade).
2. Play with colors in the growing bed
When you glance at a garden, the first thing you notice are its colors: green lawn, tree leaves, different spots of colored flowers, mulch and walkways etc. Thanks to the colors of all these elements, you can imagine three types defining set-ups: monochromatic (or camaïeu, as the artistic term goes), harmony and contrast.
Camaïeu, a single color stands out
The goal here is simple: choose a color for flowers or foliage and repeat it in as many hues as can be. For instance, if you select “red”, you can find plants that have colors ranging from scarlet to blood red to carmine to vermilion to imperial red…
The goal is completely different in this case, since harmony makes it possible to rely on different colors. For instance, if “red” is still the basis, you might complement that main hue with plants that are orange or violet. In case you prefer “blue”, then pair it with various shades of green, for instance.
This time, you have to find the perfect opposite of the color you chose:
- blue is the opposite of orange;
- green the opposite of red;
- yellow the one of violet;
To help you in choosing your colors, you can rely on the chromatic circle.
3. Stage different heights
Bring volume to your garden with a garden bed that features wonders at different heights: plants and blooms that are tall and short. However, just like in an extended family photo, stay logical: tall in the back, short in front!
4. Diversify the types of flower beds
We tend to only think of the garden bed as a flower bed. But flowers only last a short while! They aren’t eternal, just like us – though we do get more seasons than they do. When flowers have faded away, you must rely on something else to still make your garden bed look great. Vary the shape and bearing of your plants and shrubs: bushy, erect, creeping, etc. This will bring movement and vitality to your flower bed.
5. Imagine your flower bed in every season
- grasses that bear beige-colored seed pods;
- red-bark dogwood, yellow-branched willow, etc.;
- evergreen shrubs which bear leaves in flaming colors, such as Choisya ternata ‘Sundance’ for instance.
For the remaining seasons, simply imagine how your plants will evolve as the year rolls on:
- bright green leaves in Spring and fire-red ones in Fall;
- Spring blooming, Summer flowers, Fall blooms;
6. Have fun with texture
Fuzzy leaves of the Stachys, coarse leaves of leatherleaf viburnum, smooth, shiny or mat, plants come up with more imagination than we might ever, all for the pleasure of combining them into stunning shrub and flower beds that, for sure, won’t look boring.
7. Draw the flowerbed before digging everything up
No need to be Monet or Van Gogh, all you want to do is visualize your project on paper. It’ll really help a lot when planning things out: space, volume, colors… An hour spent drawing will save a day’s heavy work out in the sun, and you’ll feel more at peace knowing what you’re doing.
Smart tip about making a flowerbed
Walk around the neighborhood and chat with owners of beautiful flower beds. They’ll be more than happy to share what they’re proud of and what they would have done better!
Monochromatic yellow by Hans Linde under Pixabay license
Red camaïeu by Mark Wordy under © CC BY 2.0
Chromatic circle by Verónica Delgado Ron under © CC BY 2.0
Several levels by wapiti8 under Public Domain
Red winter shrub bed by Sirounian Armen under Pixabay license
Drawing of a flower bed by Don Graham under © CC BY-SA 2.0