Breakthrough research is analyzing the effect of guttation on the spread of plant diseases. In some cases, guttation is bad for plants. Indeed, when water flows in and out of the plant through thousands of tiny nozzle-like hydathodes on leaves, germs are transported in and out, too.
Is guttation a disease?
In itself, guttation is a natural process. It isn’t a disease that the plant catches. A healthy plant guttates from time to time, when conditions trigger it.
However, there are some cases when it isn’t all that good for the plant.
Guttation favors spread of plant diseases
Bacteria can enter a plant through guttation
A study revealed that in greenhouse-grown tomatoes, guttation helped spread bacterial canker responsible for tomato wilt.
- When plants were handled while guttation was present, they fell sick and the disease spread.
Two lessons were learnt from this:
- 1/ seemingly healthy plants already had germs and bacteria appearing in guttation drops.
As in human diseases, plants could contaminate other plants even as it was still fighting off symptoms of the disease. Plants were contagious through guttation during the incubation phase.
- 2/ And second, to protect healthy, uncontaminated plants, it was best to wait for guttation to evaporate before intervening among the plants.
If any plants in your garden are diseased, wait for guttant drops to dry off before working among them.
The case of lawn disease
In the case of lawn diseases, it usually helps to clear guttation and dew from the grass. This ensures it dries faster. Spores from lawn fungus won’t have time to hatch and contaminate new blades of grass.
- Simply mow the lawn or run a rake or roller across it early every morning.
- Drops fall to the ground and don’t linger on the plant anymore, and blades of grass dry off faster.
Plants can defend themselves, too
Plants know how to counter this, though. It’s been shown that special proteins that block germs tend to concentrate around the hydathodes.
These proteins react with bacteria, fungus and viruses and try to destroy them before they enter further into the plant.
A healthy plant, well fertilized and watered, will produce plenty of these “soldier proteins”. A plant weakened by disease, drought, or neglect will tend to have less of these proteins available.
- Interestingly, the composition of guttation fluid can be strongly influenced by compounds floating in the air.
- For example, methyls and ethylene would trigger changes in which proteins appeared in the guttant sap.
This is a fascinating inroad regarding how plants communicate. It may explain why plants not yet diseased start producing chemical defenses as soon as one of their kind is attacked by pests or illness.
Plant care and guttation
Removing guttation on indoor plants
- For indoor plants, there is a risk when too much guttation occurs. It evaporates and leaves white spots on leaves.
- These spots are from minerals that stay behind once water dries up. These form white spots on leaves.
- When minerals accumulate, they start damaging leaf cells, creating leaf burn spots. These spots can be either yellow, brown or black.
- This tends to happen more often on thick-leaved plants such as orchids (shown in the picture at the top of this article) and the jade plant.
To reduce guttation on houseplants, you can do the following:
- avoid watering in the evening.
- water with soft water or rainwater, not mineral-laden hard tap water.
- don’t over-fertilize. Too much of it keeps adding minerals to the soil. Better to repot or topdress a plant instead.
- wipe the spots off gently with a soft moist cloth.
What about outdoor plants, is guttation dangerous?
- For outdoor plants, the answer is no: guttation is and remains perfectly safe for plants outdoors.
- Rain rinses off any deposits early enough to avoid any damage.
- The only risk is poisoning neighborhood relationships if your tree spatters guttation all over your neighbor’s prize car or favorite sitting bench.
Indirectly, though, guttation may attract a series of pests. Aphids, scale insects, caterpillars, thrips and many others are attracted by the free source of water and nutrients.
In rare cases, guttation fluid may also stay on the plant for a long time in moist weather; this increases the risk of having sooty mold develop on the plant.
All in all, this is a phenomenon that shouldn’t worry you. And it’s amazing when you see those perfect drops on the tips of leaves and flowers!
CC BY 2.0: Maja Dumat
CC BY-NC 2.0: Martin LaBar
CC BY-SA 2.0: Cynthia Hollenberger
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