The Boxwood tree moth, Cydalima perspectalis, is an insect of the Crambidae family in the Lepidoptera order.
It is native to Asia, but has now invaded Europe. It is spreading in France since 2008.
It is a caterpillar that only eats boxwood tree leaves for food, and completely consumes entire swaths of the tree, leading to its demise.
- Gardening: successfully growing boxwood trees.
- Refer to our guidelines on how to correctly prune boxwood trees.
Recognizing the green caterpillar called boxwood tree moth
It is difficult to recognize boxwood tree moth when it is in its larval stage. Once it becomes a green caterpillar it is very easy to identify. After that it becomes a nymph and finally transforms into a white and brown moth with golden shimmers.
The green caterpillar:
The green caterpillar has a black head and dark green stripes. There are also black dots.
Boxwood tree moth caterpillars do not cause itches or rashes. They are absolutely harmless to humans, and can be handled without any special gear.
You will find distinctive tiny webs, similar to spider webs, which are typical of boxwood tree moths.
These caterpillars then turn into brown and white-colored moths that fly around boxwood trees at dusk and at night.
If you have detected green caterpillars on your boxwood, warn any neighbors who might have boxwood trees, because they will certainly be contaminated soon. The earlier this problem is dealt with, the higher the chances of eradicating this parasite.
Techniques and treatments against boxwood tree moths
The first thing to do when you spot these green caterpillars in your boxwood trees is to manually pick them off.
Removing great numbers of caterpillars early makes fighting this boxwood tree moth invasion easier.
This is often not enough, and organic treatments are available to fight these insects, too.
- Organic treatments are the most effective solution for this invasion.
- The product that must be sprayed is called Bacillus thuringiensis.
- The entire boxwood shrub must be sprayed, trying to cover both the top and under-side of leaves, since this is where eggs are laid.
- This treatment must be applied every month until winter comes.
Take note that after the first spraying, you will already be rewarded with a better situation and new leaves sprouting, but the problem is not solved yet.
- Boxwood tree moth’s life cycles allow for several instances of egg-laying within a season.
- If you don’t repeat the treatment, untreated eggs or larvae will lead to new invasions of green caterpillars.
Chemical insecticides or caterpillar killers:
These don’t boast any advantage over the Bacillus thuringiensis treatment that we signaled above, which has the advantage of being qualified for use in organic gardens.
These chemical agents actually have the disadvantage of striking down other insect species, many of which participate in local garden or terrace ecosystems.
Chemical products generally have a negative impact on bees and other key beneficial insects in nature.
- Treatment: getting rid of caterpillars.
Trichotop buxus, a new boxwood moth predator
A French company (Biotop) identified Trichotop buxus, a microscopic wasp that preys on boxwood tree moths. This predator must be introduced on the invading boxwood moth at its larval stage, during the moth’s reproductive stage.
This solution has proven effective on small areas, and work continues to prepare large-scale use in the near future.
Smart tip about boxwood tree moths:
Renewing the treatment at the end of the winter or at the beginning of spring in the following year will ensure that any remaining larvae that have overwintered in your boxwood trees will be dealt with.