Key facts to remember
Name – Camellia sinensis
Family – Theaceae
Type – Flower shrub
Height – 3 to 9 feet (1 to 3 m)
Exposure – sun and part sun
Soil rather light and well drained
Flowering – November to March
Foliage – evergreen
Camellia sinensis, or tea tree, is a very famous relative of the ornamental Japanese Camellia. Original, and edible, the tea tree grows very well in the ground (as a standalone or part of a hedge) and… in pots!
Its smallish size for a shrub (3-4 to 9-12 feet, or about 1-1.5 to 3-4 meters) makes it a shrub that fits well in urban gardens.
Planting a tea tree
It’s possible to plant a tea tree anytime during the year, apart from during frost spells in winter and high temperature days in summer.
Tea tree, shelter it from wind
From April to June is a great time to settle it in the ground, but you can also go ahead in September/October. Find a place that is well-protected from wind, either in the shade or in part shade.
In its natural environment, in China, it grows at high altitudes in a cool but constant atmosphere. In other parts of the world, it’ll prefer temperate and coastal climates, and will positively thrive in areas that have a mild and moist climate.
The tea tree is cold hardy down to 19-23°F (-5 to -7°C), but it’s better to winterize it in a greenhouse or a lean-in to protect its leaves: they’ll fall off if it freezes or snows.
Tea tree in a pot:
If your tea tree is growing in a pot, bring it out from May to October. Keep it in the shade and out of the wind.
Tea tree likes well aerated soil that drains well, stays cool, and most importantly, an acidic pH because it’s a heath plant at heart. Give it mulch made from pine tree bark, and water as soon as the surface of the soil is dry. Use rainwater because it hates hard water. Also feel free to mist its leaves on days of hot weather.
- Finally, make the most of summer to propagate your Camellia sinensis and prepare a few cuttings. That’ll help increase your harvest or share the plant to family and friends!
Blooming and harvesting a tea tree
It’s perfectly possible to cultivate a tea tree in your own home, in the garden, and harvest its leaves to make your own tea.
The tea tree usually blooms twice in the year
In June, and then again from October to December It then is covered in small white flowers with a yellow center, which look magnificent against the elegant, shiny leaves.
These fragrant, evergreen leaves are the basis for brewing tea.
Harvesting tea tree leaves to make tea:
Dry the leaves for 24 hours in the shade, and then again in an oven at around 200°F (90°C), with the door open to evacuate moisture. Savor its authentic taste and experiment with growing techniques and drying times to adapt it to your taste over the years!
- Read also: Benefits of tea for health
Take note: you’ll need to gather several pounds of leaves to get a single pound of tea, and a single tea tree won’t let you gather very much of it.
Using tea tree leaves
Green tea or black tea, as a drink
Tea trees are the first step in preparing tea, and how you prepare the leaves after the harvest makes the difference between green tea and black tea. If the leaves are simply dried, you’ll get green tea. Black tea, on the other hand, requires fermenting the leaves beforehand. Rich in both theanine and caffeine, tea is not only savored for its taste, but also for its many medicinal properties and for the health benefits it procures the body.