Soap bush, with scientific name Ceanothus, is one of the most amazing ornamental shrubs thanks to the unique blue color of its blooming.
A summary of Soap bush facts
Name – Ceanothus
Family – Rhamnaceae
Type – shrub
Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet (2 to 5 meters)
Exposure – full sun, part sun
Soil – ordinary
Foliage – evergreen
Blooming – March to May (or summer), depending on the region or species
Planting, pruning and caring for it are steps that will help you produce magnificent flowers and a properly developing soap bush.
Try putting your soap bush into a hedge or as as a standalone and it will surprise you!
Planting soap bush
Soap bush is preferably planted in a sunny or partly shaded spot but not in full shade or it wouldn’t bloom well.
In fall or spring, take care to plant it in light soil, because excess moisture could alter the proper growth of your soap bush.
At all costs, avoid planting soap bush during a time of freezing, or conversely, strong heat.
- Follow our tips on planting trees here at Nature-and-Garden.
Pruning and caring for soap bush
This step isn’t mandatory, but we highly recommend it, especially for smaller specimens.
If you wish to reduce the branches or reshape the shrub, take care not to prune at the end of winter but wait for the blooming to end.
- Refer to our guidelines on pruning shrubs
For deciduous species, prune severely in spring those shoots grown in the previous year.
Learn more about Soap bush
This shrub has an abundant blooming with blue as the major hue, which makes it unique among the shrubs that bloom in spring.
Pink soap bushes also exist, they are particularly densely-flowering and just as ornamental.
It is native to North America and adapts perfectly to any temperate climate, even though regular watering is a must during the first two years.
As regards creeping soap bush, it will suit rocky ground perfectly, or even serve as ground cover since it grows fast.
- Soap bush adapts particularly well to seaside growing, in hedges or as a standalone.
Finally, since it produces honey nectar, you’ll be enchanting the bees in your area that might be needing it and this raises the quality of your garden’s ecosystem.
Soap bush in winter
Soap bush is hardy to the cold and must live outdoors, even in winter.
But its hardiness only goes down to 14°F (-10°C) and no further. It must thus be protected against the cold if it freezes hard in your area.
- If potted, bring your soap bush in from the freezing cold, to a cool and well-lit place.
- If outdoors and planted in the ground, cover your soap bush with horticultural fleece. Do this especially if temperatures frequently drop below 17°F (-8°C).
Why is Ceanothus called soap bush?
Actually, flowers and all other parts of the plant contain “saponin”. This is a molecule that is special and helps trap dirt and impurities:
- one end of this compound is attracted to oils and grease – this side sticks to the dirty stuff
- the other end is hydrophilic, meaning it’s attracted to water – this side wants to dissolve into water and makes flushing the dirt away possible.
Simply crush leaves, stems, or flowers together as you rub your hands underwater. Saponins will attach to dirt and wash out with water, leaving your hands spic & span clean!
Smart tip about soap bush
In hedges or along a wall (that can be latticed eventually), soap bush is surprising and marvelous, thanks to its blooming which is a magnificent rare blue.
The creeping variety of this soap bush helps grow cute flower beds. The blooming truly brings attention to something normally considered insignificant: the ground!
It likes being in the sun!
- Read also: Setting up a flowered hedge
Soap bush on social media
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Butterfly on ceanothus by Clive ★ under Public Domain
White soap bush by Laura Camp ★ under © CC BY-SA 2.0
Blue soap bush by Steve Law ★ under © CC BY-SA 2.0
Blazing blue soap bush (also on social media) by Rosalyn & Gaspard Lorthiois, own work