The specific care that’s needed for a cycas, how and when it should be repotted and watered and diseases that infect it.
These are the answers to the many questions that can arise when one has the luck of owning a magnificent cycas.
A summary of what there is to know:
Type: indoor plant
Exposure: well-lit, full sun
Soil: soil mix
Not quite a palm tree but still an amazing ornamental plant, cycas is very appealing.
Planting and repotting cycas:
Cycas in pots or garden boxes:
Cycas requires good soil mix that can be amended with ⅓ compost, if you’ve got any.
In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom.
This will help ensure that roots won’t wallow in water, which could be fatal to it.
- Set it up in a fair-sized pot filled with special indoor plant or green plant soil mix.
- Although it may be necessary to repot it in spring every 2 or 3 years, when not repotting then go for regular topdressing which should also perfectly answer the growth medium needs of the plant.
Just as might be done in pots, feel free to place a bed of gravel, small stones or clay pebbles to ensure proper drainage.
- Atop this layer, you’ll be using a blend of soil mix, garden soil and sand.
Generally speaking, most cycas don’t tolerate the cold, except perhaps Cycas revolua which stands strong in temperatures close to or just below freezing.
Placing indoor cycas at the right spot:
Under our climates, cycas adapts well to living indoors in our homes and apartments, except for Cycas revoluta which quite appreciates cooler temperatures in winter.
- It grows best when surrounding temperatures hold at around 70 to 72°F (20 to 22°C) and requires very good light, even direct sunlight.
Choose for it a place near a window facing to the South or West so that it would bathe in a good deal of both indirect light and sunlight.
If you live in a house that is quite dark, avoid purchasing Cycas because it won’t cope well with the lack of luminosity.
Watering and adding fertilizer:
The watering of cycas is important because it should neither be too much nor too little. Finding the right balance is the key…
In spring and summer:
This is usually the time of the year when cycas grows most.
Water regularly while letting the soil mix dry in the surface before watering again.
Watering must be regular but limited, in order to not suffocate the plant’s roots.
You might say that watering every 2 or 3 days is often needed.
- Every two weeks, you can offer it some liquid fertilizer, taking great care to moisten the soil mix beforehand.
Starting in fall and then in winter:
Start reducing the watering because the plant water needs begin to decrease.
Only when the soil is dry down to the first inch or so (a couple centimeters), water to moisten the entire soil mix clump again.
One could say that watering once every 15 days should be enough.
But this also depends on where your cycas is placed: if it is in full sun, its needs will surely be higher.
- This season is also when to stop adding fertilizer, from October all the way to March and April.
Diseases and parasites that attack cycas:
Leaves are twisted:
This is undoubtedly due to lack of light or excess water.
- Find a more exposed location for it and reduce watering to match our recommendations above.
Leaves turn yellow:
If the plant continues to produce new leaves, this is part of your cycas’s natural cycle. Trees, even evergreen trees, lose their leaves to renew them.
- So you can simply let them dry up and fall off from the cycas, or cut them when they’ve finished drying up.
- If no new shoots appear, however, and that your cycas looks pitiful, check on your watering and water drainage, and eventually support the plant with liquid fertilizer every fortnight.
Learn more about cycas:
Although it may run contrary to popular belief, cycas isn’t a palm tree, but it does look very similar which is confusing.
- The care it needs is often very close to that of a palm tree.
All in one aesthetic, resilient and very easy to grow, this is one of the most appreciated and often-purchased indoor plants.
Its foliage is particularly elegant and unique, and its thick trunk brings a touch of exotic life to a living room, dining area, or any other room of the house that is well-lit.