Companion planting, preparing the vegetable patch

Just like humans, vegetables also have friends and foes.

Some families stimulate or protect each other. Other families tire each other out and make each other vulnerable.

Positioning vegetables in the garden should not be random and there is a set of rules to follow so that vegetables that would disturb each other are not planted close together.

Conversely, some vegetables do better when they are planted together.

Major vegetable families

In a vegetable patch, there are several different families of vegetables. The main ones are:

Certain families are good neighbors to each other, while in other cases they can’t bear each other’s presence.

Plant families that get along well – Apiaceae, Brassicacaea and the legume family.

Plant families that don’t get along well – Liliaceae, nightshade family and the legume family.

These three families really are angry at each other, even though we don’t quite know why. It may be due to the volatile compounds (called phytoncides) that they spread to protect themselves from parasites and communicate with each other. Since inter-plant language study is barely beginning, these are only still hypothesis…

Here are the right pairings for companion planting for vegetables

To place your green guests well around the vegetable bed, here are a few seating table plans:

Garlic – red beets, carrot, strawberry plants, lettuce, tomatoes.

Asparagus – cucumbers/pickles, beans, parsley, leek, tomatoes.

Eggplant – beans.

Red beet – garlic, spinach, beans, lettuce.

Carrot – garlic, dill, cabbage, spinach, lettuce, onions, leek, peas, tomatoes.

Celery – garlic, cabbage, beans, onions, leek, tomatoes.

Cabbage – carrots, celery, cucumbers/pickles, beans, peas, savory, tomatoes.

Cucumber – basil, cabbage, beans, lettuce, French marigolds, onions, peas.

Pickle – basil, cabbage, beans, lettuce, French marigolds, onions, peas.

Spinach – red beets, carrots, cabbage, strawberries, beans, turnips, leek, radishes, tomatoes.

Fennel – celery, turnips, leek.

Beans – eggplants, red beets, carrots, celery, cabbage, cucumbers/pickles, spinach, strawberry plants, lettuce, carrots, potatoes.

Lettuce – red beets, carrots, chervil, cabbage, cucumbers/pickles, strawberry plants, beans, radishes.

Cantaloupe – nasturtiums, beans, lettuce, peas.

Turnips – spinach, fennel, peas.

Onion – red beets, carrots, cucumbers/pickles, strawberry plants, lettuce, tomatoes.

Leek – asparagus, carrots, celery, spinach, strawberry plants, lettuce, tomatoes.

Peas – carrots, celery, cabbage, cucumbers/pickles, turnips, potatoes, radishes.

Radish – carrot, spinach, lettuce, beans, peas, tomatoes.

Tomato – garlic, asparagus, carrots, celery, onions, parsley, leek.

Pierrick Le Jardinier