Nandina is a wonderfully beautiful shrub that many find appealing for its colored foliage and early summer blooming.
Nandina key facts
Name – Nandina domestica
Family – Berberidaceae
Type – Shrub
Height – 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 m)
Exposure – full sun, part sun
Soil – ordinary
Foliage – evergreen
Flowering – June-July
Nandina domestica is also called “Sacred bamboo”, because its leaves and stems look like those of bamboo.
Planting Nandina domestica
Ideally, you’d plant your Nandina domestica in fall or anytime up to spring while avoiding frost spells. If you must plant it in the sun, avoid places that would be too hot and if possible favor light shade. Also keep it away from permanent shade, since direct sunlight is what colors the leaves.
- Full sun all day long isn’t necessary, luckily.
- It loves cool soil with a lot of humus.
- Read up on our shrub and tree planting advice.
Sacred bamboo growth rate:
Growth for Nandina domestica feels particularly slow at the beginning, but then it tends to speed up once the specimen has settled in well. To ensure proper regrowth and vigor for your Nandina domestica:
- Water well over the first 2-3 years after planting.
- Add shrub fertilizer in spring.
- Mulch the base of the shrub in winter to keep it from freezing.
Caring for Sacred bamboo
- If ever your N. domestica has frozen over in winter, it’s possible to cut it back severely at the end of winter: it will grow back from the stump.
Watering schedule for Nandina domestica
- Plan a regular watering, though, over the first 2 years after planting.
- For Nandina in pots, you should water much more often, especially in summer.
- After those first 2-3 years, you won’t ever need to water your nandina if it’s growing in the open soil.
Learn more about Nandina domestica
Nandina domestica, when winters are mild enough for it to keep its foliage on the branches all year long, will gracefully color your garden with fire-like hues. White flowers appear at the beginning of summer, but they don’t stand out much compared to those of other shrubs.
Nandina domestica also produces red-colored berries at the end of fall which often stay on the tree for the entire winter. Watch out, though: they’re toxic because of one of their compounds called nandenine. All the parts of the plant are in fact toxic for us humans – but not for birds! Birds love them!
Sacred bamboo, perhaps because of its toxicity, has also been used for its health benefits, especially in Asia. There, it’s prescribed as a light sedative, but it also has astringent properties, and is said to greatly help wounded muscles and bones.
It’s an easy shrub to grow, and will also do very well in a pot or garden box on your terrace or balcony. Mulch the base of the shrub to keep it moist and cool. Mulch also helps avoid weed growth, especially for potted specimens.
Interesting varieties of Sacred bamboo, Nandina domestica:
- ‘Alba‘: its berries are a creamy-white color, and it can grow 6 feet high (2m).
- ‘Filamentosa‘: one appreciates its mottled leaves with surprising yellow, green and red blotches. This smaller-sized variety excels in pots.
- ‘Fire Power‘: as for the ‘Filamentosa’, it’s ideal for pots and atop mounds. The red-stained green leaves is extremely ornamental.
- ‘Harbor Dwarf‘: the perfect Nandina Domestica for ground cover.
- ‘Lemon lime‘: light, elegant lime-green leaves.
- ‘Obsessed‘: this Nandina domestica is found attractive for its leaves that change color as seasons come and go.
- ‘Plum purple ‘: as its name shows, purple is the dominating color here.
- ‘Purpurea Nana‘: ideal to cover surfaces, or to mound in a pot, it won’t grow any taller than 2 feet (60 cm).
- ‘Twilight‘: decorative green and red-variegated leaves for this sacred bamboo.
- ‘Umpqua Chief‘: abundant fruit-bearing, easily grows to over 5 feet (150 cm).
There are so many cultivars that we can’t list them all here, but each one will thrill you with its unique characteristics.