Sowing and seedling calendar for the vegetable patch

Here is the calendar for sowing and preparing seedlings in the vegetable patch, so that you’ll get everything done at the right time in winter, spring, summer and fall.

Dates and times are given as a guideline and may vary according the region of the globe you live in and the weather in your area.

Sowing at just the right time is the key to succeed in growing and harvesting vegetables in the vegetable patch.

Sowing and seedling calendar for the vegetable patch

EGGPLANT, sowing and harvest

  • Sowing indoors at 65 to 68°F (18 to 20°C) – February-April
  • Covered sowing – March and April
  • Direct sowing April-May
  • Transplanting eggplant seedlings April-May
  • Harvesting eggplant sown from February to May – July-October
  • Read also: how to grow eggplant

RED BEET, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing of red beet March-July
  • Harvesting your red beet July to November depending on date sown
  • Read also: how to grow red beet

CARROT, sowing and harvest

  • Sowing carrots under cover – February-March
  • Harvesting carrots sown at the end of winter – June-July
  • Direct sowing – March-July
  • Harvesting carrots sown directly in the ground – June-November
  • Covered sowing – end of October-November
  • Harvesting carrots sown in fall – May-June
  • Read also: how to grow carrot

CELERY, sowing and harvest

Knob celery or celeriac

  • Sowing knob celery or celeriac indoors – February-March
  • Covered sowing of knob celery or celeriac end of winter, February-March
  • Transplanting knob celery or celeriac seedlings end of April-May
  • Harvesting knob celery or celeriac sown in a sheltered place or indoors August-November
  • Direct sowing of knob celery or celeriac end of April-May
  • Harvesting knob celery or celeriac sown in the ground – October-November
  • Read also: how to grow celeriac, knob celery

Branch celery

  • Sowing branch celery indoors – February-March
  • Transplanting the branch celery seedlings – April to May
  • Harvesting your branch celery – August-September
  • Sowing branch celery in a nursery – April-June
  • Transplanting the branch celery seedlings over the summer, end of June-July
  • Harvesting your branch celery sown in summer August-October
  • Read also: how to grow branch celery

CHICORY, CURLY ENDIVE AND ESCAROLE

CABBAGE, sowing and harvest

Summer, fall and winter cabbage (red, savoy, white)

  • Nursery sowing of red, white and savoy cabbage February-June
  • Transplanting the cabbage – April-July
  • Harvesting red, white and savoy cabbage from June to March of the following year
  • Read also: how to grow Savoy cabbage

Cauliflower

  • Sowing cauliflower – spring, beginning of summer, towards March-June
  • Transplanting the cauliflower seedlings – June-August
  • Harvesting cauliflower in summer and fall, July-December
  • Read also: how to grow cauliflower

Winter cauliflower

Mild-wintered regions

  • Sowing cauliflower winter – in spring, May-June
  • Transplanting the winter cauliflower in summer, July-August
  • Harvesting the winter cabbage – end of winter and spring, March-June
  • Read also: how to grow cauliflower

Broccoli

  • Sowing broccoli spring and summer, May-June
  • Transplanting the broccoli – June-August
  • Harvesting broccoli – at the end of summer, October to May
  • Read also: how to grow broccoli

Brussels sprouts

  • Sowing Brussels sprouts in a nursery – March to May
  • Transplanting – May-June
  • Harvesting Brussels sprouts October to February in the following year
  • Read also: how to grow Brussels sprouts

CUCUMBERS, PICKLES, sowing and harvest

  • Indoor sowing of cucumbers and pickles March and April
  • Transplanting – after 15 days
  • Harvesting cucumbers and pickles sown at the end of winter – June-July
  • Direct sowing of cucumbers and pickles April-June
  • Thinning – April-June
  • Harvesting cucumbers and pickles sown in Spring July-October
  • Read also: how to grow cucumbers and pickles

ZUCCHINI, sowing and harvest

  • Indoor sowing of cucumbers and pickles – Spring, March and April
  • Direct sowing of zucchini April to June, after the last frost spells
  • Transplanting – May-June
  • Harvesting your zucchini – summer until the first frosts, mid-July to November
  • Read also: how to grow zucchini

SPINACH, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing August to mid-October (depending on the variety)
  • Harvesting spinach sown at the end of summer October to April of the following year
  • Direct sowing – February-April (depending on the variety)
  • Harvesting spinach sown in spring May-June
  • Read also: how to grow spinach

FENNEL, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing of fennel – April to the beginning of August
  • Transplanting – May-August
  • Harvesting the fennel – August to October depending on when it was sown
  • Read also: how to grow fennel

BROAD BEANS, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing of broad beans February to April
  • Harvesting broad beans sown at the end of winter May to June

Mild-wintered regions

  • Sowing broad beans – October to November
  • Harvesting broad beans sown in fall – March to May
  • Read also: how to grow broad beans

BEANS, sowing and harvest

Dwarf or bush beans, snap beans

  • Direct sowing of bush beans April to mid-August
  • Harvesting dwarf or bush beans, snap beans – June to mid-October

Pole beans, snap beans

  • Direct sowing April to mid-July
  • Harvesting pole beans mid-June to mid-October
  • Read also: how to grow beans

Shelling beans, fresh pea beans

  • Direct sowing – April to mid-July
  • Harvesting shelling beans (fresh beans) July to mid-October

Shelling beans, harvest (dry beans):

  • Direct sowing April to mid-June
  • Harvesting shelling beans (dry beans) September-October
  • Read also: how to grow beans

LETTUCE, sowing and harvest

Lettuce varieties that are good for forcing

  • Indoor sowing of forced lettuce – November-January
  • Transplanting mid-January to end of February
  • Harvesting early, forced lettuce end of winter, spring, March-May
  • Read also: how to grow lettuce

Spring lettuce

  • Sowing spring lettuce under cover – end of February to mid-April
  • Transplanting – April – beginning of May
  • Harvesting your spring lettuce May-June depending on date sown
  • Read also: how to grow lettuce

Summer lettuce

  • Direct sowing of summer lettuce mid-April to mid-June
  • Transplanting (or thinning) June to July
  • Harvesting summer lettuce – July to mid-September depending on date sown
  • Read also: how to grow lettuce

Fall lettuce

  • Direct sowing of autumn lettuce July to mid-August
  • Transplanting (or thinning) – August
  • Harvesting fall lettuce September to October
  • Read also: how to grow lettuce

Winter lettuce

  • Direct sowing of winter lettuce August-October
  • Transplanting (or thinning) October
  • Harvesting the winter lettuce – March to May

Leaf lettuce

  • Direct sowing of leaf lettuce March to October
  • Harvesting your leaf lettuce – April to November
  • Leaf lettuce keeps growing back after each harvest

CORN SALAD, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing – end of July – October
  • Harvest September to March of the following year (depending on the variety)
  • Read also: how to grow corn salad

MELON, sowing and harvest

  • Sowing melon indoors – end of winter, February to April
  • Transplanting the melon mid-April-May
  • Harvesting the melon – June to July depending on when it was sown
  • Direct sowing – May
  • Harvesting melon sown directly in the ground July-September
  • Read also: how to grow melon

TURNIPS, Sowing and harvest

Spring turnips

  • Direct sowing of spring turnips March – May
  • Harvesting turnips sown directly May-mid-July
  • Read also: how to grow turnips

Fall turnips

  • Direct sowing of fall turnips – summer, July to September
  • Harvesting turnips sown in summer – September-November
  • Read also: how to grow turnips

ONION, sowing and harvest

White onions

  • Direct sowing of white onions – August-September
  • TransplantingOctober-mid-November or February
  • Harvesting white onions April-June of the following year

Yellow or red onions

  • Direct sowing of colored onions February-April
  • Harvesting yellow or red onions July-September
  • Read also: how to grow onions

Mild-wintered regions

  • Direct sowing of colored onions mid-August to September
  • Harvesting onions sown at the end of summer – April to May of the following year

SORREL, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing of sorrel March to July
  • Harvesting sorrel June-November (produces over several years)
  • Read also: how to grow sorrel

PARSNIP, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing of parsnip – mid-February to June
  • Harvesting the parsnip over summer, from May to September
  • Read also: how to grow parsnip

LEEK, sowing and harvest

Summer leek

  • Sowing summer leek under cover – February-March
  • Transplanting the summer leek May
  • Harvesting summer leek sown under cover – July to September
  • Read also: how to grow leek

Fall and winter leek

  • Sowing fall and winter leek in a nursery – March to May
  • Transplanting fall and winter leek May-July
  • Harvesting fall and winter leek – October-April of the following year
  • Read also: how to grow leek

CHARD, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing of chard – April to June (and July for leaf chard)
  • Harvesting chard – July to November depending on when it was sown
  • Read also: how to grow chard

PEAS and GREEN PEAS, sowing and harvest

Round peas and snap peas

  • Direct sowing – mid-February-April
  • Harvesting round peas and snap peas June to July

Dried peas and snap peas

  • Direct sowing – mid-March-June
  • Harvesting dried peas and snap peas – July to September

Early or forced dried peas and snap peas

  • Direct sowing 2nd fortnight of July
  • Harvesting early or forced dried peas and snap peas – October
  • Direct sowing mid-October-November
  • Harvesting peas round or snap peas sown directly in the ground April to May
  • Read also: how to grow peas

SQUASH, sowing and harvest

  • Sowing squash April to May
  • Harvesting squash September to November depending on when it was sown
  • Read also: how to grow squash

RADISH, sowing and harvest

Monthly cycle radishes

  • Forced sowing of monthly cycle radishes – mid-February to March
  • Harvest – mid-March-April
  • Direct sowing – mid-March-September
  • Harvesting radish sown directly in the ground mid-April-November
  • Read also: how to grow radishes

Summer and fall radish

  • Sowing the radish seeds – May to August
  • Harvesting the summer and fall radish July to November
  • Read also: how to grow radishes

Black radish or winter radish

  • Sowing black radish, winter radish June-August
  • Harvesting black radish or winter radish – November-December
  • Read also: how to grow winter radish

BLACK SALSIFY, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing of black salsify March to June
  • Harvesting black salsify – October to March of the following year
  • Read also: how to grow black salsify

WHITE SALSIFY, or goat’s beard, sowing and harvest

  • Direct sowing of salsify – March – May
  • Harvesting salsify – October to March of the following year
  • Read also: how to grow salsify

TETRAGON, sowing and harvest

  • Sowing tetragon indoors – February-March
  • Direct sowing of tetragon – May, after any risk of freezing has disappeared
  • Transplanting – mid-April-May
  • Harvesting tetragon – August to November depending on when it was sown

TOMATO, sowing and harvest

  • Sowing tomato indoors January-March
  • Sowing tomato under cover March-April
  • Transplanting – May, when the last frosts are past
  • Harvesting your tomatoes – July to October, pick your tomatoes when you need them
  • Read also: how to grow tomatoes

Purpose and relevance of a sowing and seedling calendar

Using a calendar to schedule your sowing in the vegetable patch is useful to plan and stage the harvest.

Even if the actual dates may shift to a bit earlier or later depending on the climate and the place you live, you can still spread the sowing on different days to maximize space and time, while ensuring crop rotation.

Keeping and using a sowing calendar on a notebook is very convenient.

Source: GNIS

There aren't any comments yet. Be the first to share!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *